Abstract

An antimony–germanium- (Sb–Ge-) codoped fiber specially designed for the fabrication of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) with high temperature sustainability has been developed. The photosensitivity and the high-temperature sustainability of FBGs that have been written into this fiber were tested. The results obtained showed that the FBG written into this fiber has a very high temperature sustainability of 900 °C. A decay mechanism that involves cation hopping is presented to explain the observed high temperature sustainability of the grating written into this fiber.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, and L. Reekie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathé, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 73 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

A. M. James and M. P. Lord, eds., Macmillan’s Chemical and Physical Data (Macmillan, London, 1992).

1990

1989

N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Commun. 74, 180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J. R.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. M.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baker, S. R.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baker, V.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, G.

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, and L. Reekie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, R.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cochet, F.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathé, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cordier, P.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Delevaque, E.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, J. A. Tucknott, L. Reekie, and D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 1982 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Douay, M.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 73 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fonjallaz, P. Y.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathé, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Goodchild, D.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grattan, K. T. V.

Hand, D. P.

Kashyap, J. R.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Commun. 74, 180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 73 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathé, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 73 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Monroe, D.

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 73 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Niay, P.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Poignant, H.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, and L. Reekie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Rourke, H. N.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Salathé, R. P.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathé, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Sun, M.

Sun, T.

Taunay, T.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tucknott, J. A.

Williams, D. L.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W. X.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathé, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, and L. Reekie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 73 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Commun. 74, 180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. M. James and M. P. Lord, eds., Macmillan’s Chemical and Physical Data (Macmillan, London, 1992).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Increase of reflectivity with time of FBGs written into Sb–Ge fiber compared with the performance of a FBG written into a Sn-doped silica fiber under the same experimental conditions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Annealing results compared with temperature for FBGs written into Sb–Ge fiber in an oven operating from room temperature to 950 °C and for a FBG written into a Sn-doped silica fiber under the same experimental conditions. For each marker in the curve, the annealing period is 24 h.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence on temperature of the peak wavelength in the reflection spectrum of a FBG written into Sb–Ge fiber, covering the range from room temperature to 950 °C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Decay of the refractive-index modulation (dn) of FBGs written into Sb–Ge fiber after annealing at different temperatures. The annealing time was 24 h at each temperature. (b) Ratio of dn after annealing. The ratio was obtained for dn in the FBGs written at 300 and 200 Hz divided by dn for FBGs written at 100 Hz.

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