Abstract

We report, for the first time to our knowledge, the presence of concentration-induced nonuniform power in tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers. A theoretical model is proposed with pair-induced quenching taken into account. We obtain good agreement between numerical and experimental results of a high-concentration erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a large tuning range of over 100 nm. These findings are useful for the design of lasers with doped fibers.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Schmuck, Th. Pfeiffer, and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 27, 2117 (1991).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  13. X. Dong, N. Q. Ngo, P. Shum, H.-Y. Tam, and X. Dong, Opt. Express 11, 1689 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wagener, P. F. Wysocki, M. J. Digonnet, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 19, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

J. L. Wagener, P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, and D. J. Digiovanni, Opt. Lett. 18, 2014 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

H. Schmuck, Th. Pfeiffer, and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 27, 2117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Blixt, J. Nilsson, T. Carlnäs, and B. Jaskorzynska, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Babin, F.

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J.-F.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blixt, P.

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Blixt, J. Nilsson, T. Carlnäs, and B. Jaskorzynska, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bülow, H.

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Carlnäs, T.

P. Blixt, J. Nilsson, T. Carlnäs, and B. Jaskorzynska, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, J.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delevaque, E.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D. J.

Digonnet, M. J.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Dong, X.

Georges, T.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

He, G.

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jaskorzynska, B.

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Blixt, J. Nilsson, T. Carlnäs, and B. Jaskorzynska, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lamouler, P.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Myslinski, P.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, N. Q.

Nguyen, D.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Blixt, J. Nilsson, T. Carlnäs, and B. Jaskorzynska, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, M.

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, Th.

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmuck, Th. Pfeiffer, and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 27, 2117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Riviere, C.

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roy, V.

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schinn, G. W.

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schmuck, H.

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmuck, Th. Pfeiffer, and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 27, 2117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Shum, P.

Tam, H.-Y.

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Veith, G.

H. Schmuck, Th. Pfeiffer, and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 27, 2117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wagener, J. L.

Wysocki, P. F.

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Schmuck, Th. Pfeiffer, and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 27, 2117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, C. Riviere, F. Babin, G. He, V. Roy, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

P. Blixt, J. Nilsson, T. Carlnäs, and B. Jaskorzynska, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorzynska, and P. Blixt, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 112 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a proposed EDFL: PC, polarization controller; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated laser power against emission wavelength at different percentages of paired ions. The length of the EDF is 8.0 m.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured and simulated laser power against emission wavelength for different lengths of the EDF. The percentage of paired ions in the simulation is 2k=5.2%.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser output power at 1530, 1550, and 1580 nm versus incident pump power.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dn1szdt=-dn2szdt=-Wazn1sz+Wez+1τn2sz=0,
dn1pzdt=-dn2pzdt=-Wazn1pz+Wez+Waz+1τn2pz=0,
Wa,ez=vσa,ezAeffhvP+z,v+P-z,vηv.
dP±z,vdz=±2hvΔvηvσevn2z±σevn2z-σavn1zηvP±z,v,

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