Abstract

An imaging system for the measurement of three-dimensional (3D) scalar gradients in turbulent hydrocarbon flames is described. Combined line imaging of Raman scattering, Rayleigh scattering, and CO laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) allows for simultaneous single-shot line measurements of major species, temperature, mixture fraction, and a one-dimensional surrogate of scalar dissipation rate in hydrocarbon flames, while simultaneous use of two crossed, planar LIF measurements of OH allows for determination of instantaneous flame orientation. In this manner the full 3D scalar dissipation can be estimated in some regions of a turbulent flame on a single-shot basis.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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2002

A. N. Karpetis and R. S. Barlow, Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 1929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Frank, S. A. Kaiser, and M. B. Long, Proc. Combust. Instr. 29, 2687 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Chen and R. W. Bilger, Combust. Flame 131, 400 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. C. Bingham, F. V. Gouldin, and D. A. Knaus, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Barlow and J. H. Frank, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1995

1994

Andresen, P.

Barlow, R. S.

A. N. Karpetis and R. S. Barlow, Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 1929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Barlow and J. H. Frank, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bilger, R. W.

Bingham, D. C.

D. C. Bingham, F. V. Gouldin, and D. A. Knaus, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brockhinke, A.

Brown, T. M.

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chen and R. W. Bilger, Combust. Flame 131, 400 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Mansour and Y.-C. Chen, Appl. Opt. 35, 4252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeBarber, P. A.

Frank, J. H.

J. H. Frank, S. A. Kaiser, and M. B. Long, Proc. Combust. Instr. 29, 2687 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Barlow and J. H. Frank, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Marran, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, S. H. Stårner, and R. W. Bilger, Opt. Lett. 20, 791 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gouldin, F. V.

D. C. Bingham, F. V. Gouldin, and D. A. Knaus, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, S. A.

J. H. Frank, S. A. Kaiser, and M. B. Long, Proc. Combust. Instr. 29, 2687 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Karpetis, A. N.

A. N. Karpetis and R. S. Barlow, Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 1929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kelman, J. B.

Knaus, D. A.

D. C. Bingham, F. V. Gouldin, and D. A. Knaus, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kohse-Höinghaus, K.

Long, M. B.

Mansour, M. S.

Marran, D. F.

Masri, A. R.

Nandula, S. P.

Peters, N.

N. Peters, Turbulent Combustion, (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Pitz, R. W.

Stårner, S. H.

Appl. Opt.

Combust. Flame

Y.-C. Chen and R. W. Bilger, Combust. Flame 131, 400 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Combust. Inst.

D. C. Bingham, F. V. Gouldin, and D. A. Knaus, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 77 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Barlow and J. H. Frank, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 1087 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Karpetis and R. S. Barlow, Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 1929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Combust. Instr.

J. H. Frank, S. A. Kaiser, and M. B. Long, Proc. Combust. Instr. 29, 2687 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

N. Peters, Turbulent Combustion, (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Geometry of the flame tomography and individual single-shot results showing OH level contours in a turbulent flame.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Geometry and results of the off-axis laminar flame experiment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Single-shot results from a turbulent flame show scalar ξ, surrogate χ1D, and full χ3D scalar dissipation calculated in this particular realization.

Equations (1)

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1nx2=1+4fu-gv2fx+gx2+43fu+gv2fx+gx2.

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