Abstract

We report an analysis of the noise statistics for an optically preamplified differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) receiver with balanced and single-port detections. It is found that identical signal–amplified spontaneous emission beating noise exists for bits 1 and 0 in DPSK balanced detection. It is also revealed that the bit error ratio (BER) of a DPSK receiver with balanced detection has no direct relation to the conventional Q factor. Moreover, an analytic BER expression for the DPSK balanced detection receiver is presented.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Hoshida, O. Vassilieva, K. Yamada, S. Choudhary, R. Pecqueur, and H. Kuwahara, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1989 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.
  5. A. Gnauck, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 450.
  6. K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.
  7. H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. A. Olsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (3)

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

N. A. Olsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Abe, J.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Boroson, D.

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chinn, S.

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Choudhary, S.

Gnauck, A.

H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Gnauck, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 450.

Hirano, A.

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.

Hoshida, T.

Ishida, K.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Kim, H.

H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kinjo, K.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Kobayashi, T.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Kuroda, S.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Kuwahara, H.

Kuwahara, S.

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.

Leuthold, J.

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Livas, J.

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, Y.

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.

Mizuochi, T.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Mollenauer, L.

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

N. A. Olsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pecqueur, R.

Stulz, L.

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vassilieva, O.

Wei, X.

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Olsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Hoshida, O. Vassilieva, K. Yamada, S. Choudhary, R. Pecqueur, and H. Kuwahara, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1989 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.

A. Gnauck, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 450.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

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