Abstract

A novel wavelength conversion scheme based on cascaded sum-frequency generation (SFG) and difference-frequency generation (DFG) is proposed and demonstrated in a MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched waveguide. In this scheme, two pump wavelengths are set outside the communication band. It is shown that the same conversion efficiency can be achieved by use of two pump sources with lower output power (P1, P2) in this scheme compared with the conventional cascaded wavelength conversion technique based on second-harmonic generation and DFG with a single higher-power pump beam (P=P1+P2) that is due to the use of a larger SFG nonlinear coefficient. The results significantly influence the selection of a suitable nonlinear interaction scheme for practical applications.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Suhara and H. Ishizuki, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1203 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. R. Shen, Principle of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  7. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Min, J. Lee, Y. Lee, W. Grundkoetter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 767.
  9. J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, and E. Yamazaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWB5.
  10. B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Chen and C. Q. Xu have submitted a manuscript titled “Analysis of novel cascaded χ(2) (SFG–DFG) wavelength conversions in quasi-phase-matched waveguides” to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.
  12. B. Chen, C. Q. Xu, B. Zhou, and X. H. Tang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 675 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Chen, C. Q. Xu, B. Zhou, and X. H. Tang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 675 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Suhara and H. Ishizuki, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1203 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chaban, E. E.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

B. Chen, C. Q. Xu, B. Zhou, and X. H. Tang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 675 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen and C. Q. Xu have submitted a manuscript titled “Analysis of novel cascaded χ(2) (SFG–DFG) wavelength conversions in quasi-phase-matched waveguides” to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Christman, S. B.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gallo, K.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grundkoetter, W.

Y. Min, J. Lee, Y. Lee, W. Grundkoetter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 767.

Hagan, D. J.

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Harada, A.

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ishizuki, H.

T. Suhara and H. Ishizuki, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1203 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawahara, M.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kosinski, S.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

Y. Min, J. Lee, Y. Lee, W. Grundkoetter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 767.

Lee, Y.

Y. Min, J. Lee, Y. Lee, W. Grundkoetter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 767.

Lenz, G.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Min, Y.

Y. Min, J. Lee, Y. Lee, W. Grundkoetter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 767.

Nihei, Y.

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Okayama, H.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Philen, D.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Quiring, V.

Y. Min, J. Lee, Y. Lee, W. Grundkoetter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 767.

Scotti, R.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, Principle of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Shmulovich, J.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

Y. Min, J. Lee, Y. Lee, W. Grundkoetter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 767.

Stegeman, G. I.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara and H. Ishizuki, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1203 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takada, A.

J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, and E. Yamazaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWB5.

Tang, X. H.

B. Chen, C. Q. Xu, B. Zhou, and X. H. Tang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 675 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. Q.

B. Chen, C. Q. Xu, B. Zhou, and X. H. Tang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 675 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen and C. Q. Xu have submitted a manuscript titled “Analysis of novel cascaded χ(2) (SFG–DFG) wavelength conversions in quasi-phase-matched waveguides” to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Yamawaku, J.

J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, and E. Yamazaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWB5.

Yamazaki, E.

J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, and E. Yamazaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWB5.

Yang, X. F.

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B.

B. Chen, C. Q. Xu, B. Zhou, and X. H. Tang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 675 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, G. Lenz, R. Scotti, E. E. Chaban, J. Shmulovich, D. Philen, S. Kosinski, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Suhara and H. Ishizuki, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1203 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Chen, C. Q. Xu, B. Zhou, and X. H. Tang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 675 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Zhou, C. Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

Y. R. Shen, Principle of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

B. Chen and C. Q. Xu have submitted a manuscript titled “Analysis of novel cascaded χ(2) (SFG–DFG) wavelength conversions in quasi-phase-matched waveguides” to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Y. Min, J. Lee, Y. Lee, W. Grundkoetter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 767.

J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, and E. Yamazaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWB5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic configuration of the proposed novel wavelength conversion scheme based on the SFG–DFG cascaded nonlinear interaction. (b) Wavelength diagram showing the operating principle of the proposed wavelength conversion scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical measured wavelength conversion spectrum by use of the proposed SFG–DFG cascaded scheme.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Conversion efficiency as a function of the product of the two pump powers (SFG–DFG) or the pump power (SHG–DFG) on a logarithmic scale.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Conversion efficiency as a function of signal wavelength by use of the SFG–DFG cascaded scheme.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

2πnSF/λSF-2πnp1/λp1-2πnp2/λp2=2π/Λ.
2πnSF/λSF-2πns/λs-2πnc/λc=2π/Λ.
PcSFG+DFG=C1dSFG2dDFG2Pp1Pp2Ps/ΔkSFGΔkDFG2,
PcSHG+DFG=C2dSHG2dDFG2Pp2Ps/ΔkSHGΔkDFG2,

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