Abstract

We demonstrate a general technique for enhancement of femtosecond pulses from a pulse train through their coherent buildup inside a high-finesse cavity. Periodic extraction of the intracavity pulse by means of a fast switch provides a net energy gain of 42 to >70 times for 38–58-fs pulse durations. Starting with an actively stabilized but otherwise standard mode-locked laser system, we demonstrate pulses of >200nJ energy.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2004 (2)

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, Opt. Commun. 201, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Jones and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 27, 1848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. J. Jones and J.-C. Diels, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3288 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

Austin, R. R.

Cheng, Z.

Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, Opt. Commun. 201, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dewald, S.

Diddams, S. A.

Diels, J.-C.

R. J. Jones and J.-C. Diels, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3288 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engen, A. G. V.

Evans, C.

Fernandez, A.

Fuji, T.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fürbach, A.

Golubovic, B.

Hänsch, T. W.

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

R. J. Jones, I. Thomann, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 69, 051803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Potma, C. Evans, X. S. Xie, R. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 28, 1835 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 27, 1848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Jones and J.-C. Diels, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3288 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Krausz, F.

Morgner, U.

Poppe, A.

Potma, E.

Reed, M. K.

Rosenbluh, M.

Scheuer, V.

Spielmann, C.

Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and C. Spielmann, Opt. Commun. 201, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Steiner-Shepard, M. K.

Thomann, I.

R. J. Jones, I. Thomann, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 69, 051803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vidne, Y.

Xie, X. S.

Ye, J.

Zare, A. T.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified schematic of pulse amplification with a fs enhancement cavity. Coherent accumulation and subsequent dumping of the passive cavity results in amplified pulse energies at repetition rates reduced n times. PZT, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intracavity power normalized to its steady-state value versus reduction in pulse repetition rate n. Top axis, corresponding time between pulse dumping events. Inset, spectra of (a) the incident and dumped pulses for (b) n=40 and (c) n=500.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized incident (dotted curve) and intracavity (solid curve) pulse spectra, demonstrating the nonlinear response of the fs enhancement cavity. The integrated spectral power of the intracavity pulse was reduced 50×.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse spectrum and recompressed pulse intensity and phase measured by after cavity enhancement. (a), (c) incident (dotted curves) and intracavity (solid curves) pulse spectra for two incident-pulse bandwidths. (b), (d) Corresponding pulse measurements of 39- and 52-fs pulses (FWHM).

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