Abstract

To attempt to expand the spectral domain for pulse shortening, we generated several emission lines by stimulated Raman scattering and subsequent four-wave Raman mixing. The efficiency of generation of the Raman emission was improved by passing the beam through two Raman cells that were connected in series. The group-velocity dispersion induced by a Raman cell window and hydrogen was compensated for by means of a pair of chirped mirrors for pulse compression. By a phase lock of the emission lines in the process of four-wave Raman mixing, the pulse width was reduced from 114 to 17 fs in the second Raman cell.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 78, 754 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 78, 754 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Otsuka, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Lett. 29, 400 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

K. Yamane, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, Opt. Lett. 28, 2258 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233602 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Aseyev, Y. Ni, L. J. Frasinski, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 148, 110 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

C. H. Lin, T. Ohnishi, and T. Imasaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L412 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aseyev, S. A.

S. A. Aseyev, Y. Ni, L. J. Frasinski, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Auge, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

Frasinski, L. J.

S. A. Aseyev, Y. Ni, L. J. Frasinski, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233602 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirakawa, Y.

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 148, 110 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Imasaka, T.

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 78, 754 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Otsuka, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Lett. 29, 400 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 148, 110 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lin, T. Ohnishi, and T. Imasaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L412 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Irie and T. Imasaka, Opt. Lett. 20, 2072 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Irie, Y.

Kaplan, A. E.

Kawano, H.

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. H.

C. H. Lin, T. Ohnishi, and T. Imasaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L412 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mori, T.

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 148, 110 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morita, R.

Muller, H. G.

S. A. Aseyev, Y. Ni, L. J. Frasinski, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ni, Y.

S. A. Aseyev, Y. Ni, L. J. Frasinski, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ohnishi, T.

C. H. Lin, T. Ohnishi, and T. Imasaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L412 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, H.

H. Otsuka, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Lett. 29, 400 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 78, 754 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shkolnikov, P. L.

Shverdin, M. Y.

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233602 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uchimura, T.

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 78, 754 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Otsuka, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Lett. 29, 400 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

S. A. Aseyev, Y. Ni, L. J. Frasinski, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233602 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Yavuz, D. D.

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233602 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233602 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, S.

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zaitsu, S.

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 78, 754 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 65, 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, Appl. Phys. B 78, 754 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. H. Lin, T. Ohnishi, and T. Imasaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L412 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 148, 110 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. Kawano, T. Mori, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4703 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 203901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233602 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1243 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Aseyev, Y. Ni, L. J. Frasinski, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, Science 292, 1689 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectra of the output laser beam measured after eight reflections by a pair of chirped mirrors (solid curve) and for the fundamental beam (dotted curve). (b) Expanded view of (a).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation traces for the pulse (a) before and (b) after compensation for GVD (solid curves). The dotted curve is the autocorrelation traces for the fundamental laser. Note that the time scale of (b) is expanded in comparison with the time scale of (a).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal profile of the pulse (b) obtained by an inverse Fourier transformation of the spectrum (a). The solid curve in (a) is obtained by slight modification of the observed spectrum (dotted curve) for inverse Fourier transformation. This modification is carried out by assuming that the Raman peaks with different intensities have the same Gaussian profile as that of the fundamental peak and by fitting the calculated spectrum to the observed one. The modification of the spectrum was needed to obtain a large number of smooth data to improve the precision and reliability in inverse transformation. The data between 700 and 900 nm were used for inverse Fourier transformation, since the spectral bandwidth of the autocorrelator was limited to this range.

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