Abstract

A differential-phase-shift quantum key distribution experiment was carried out with a planar light-wave circuit (PLC) Mach–Zehnder interferometer. This scheme has two advantages: it requires no polarization control and has a high repetition frequency, provided that a stable interferometer is available. Stable polarization-insensitive operation was achieved with an interferometer fabricated by PLC technology. Raw key creation at a rate of 3076 bits/s with a 5.0% quantum bit-error rate was achieved over 20 km of fiber. The stability of the PLC interferometer was examined.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Inoue, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 68, 022317 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 517 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Inoue, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 68, 022317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ando, S.

Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bechmann-Pasquinucci, H.

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gautier, J.-D.

G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guinnard, O.

G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Herzog, T.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, A.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huttner, B.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 68, 022317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miya, T.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Muller, A.

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, T.

Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Waks, E.

K. Inoue, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 68, 022317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

K. Inoue, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 68, 022317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Muller, T. Herzog, B. Huttner, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 793 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, A. Himeno, and M. Kawachi, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

G. Ribordy, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, and H. Zbinden, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

K. Inoue, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. A 68, 022317 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: LD, laser diode; IM, intensity modulator; PGs, pulse generators; PPG, pulse pattern generator; PM, phase modulator; ATT, attenuator; DET1, DET2, photon detectors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

QBER and the raw-key generation rate as a function of the time window: bps, bits/s.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Extinction ratio as a function of temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

QBER for the best and worst polarization states as a function of temperature. (a), (b) QBER for the best and the worst polarization states, respectively. (c), (d) QBER estimated from the extinction ratio for the best and worst polarization states, respectively.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

QBER=QBERopt+QBERdark+QBERafter+QBERinst.
QBERopt=Ext1+Ext.

Metrics