Abstract

A depth-enhanced three-dimensional–two-dimensional convertible display that uses a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal based on the principle of integral imaging is proposed. In the proposed method, a lens array is located behind a transmission-type display panel to form an array of point-light sources, and a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal is electrically controlled to pass or to scatter light coming from these point-light sources. Therefore, three-dimensional–two-dimensional conversion is accomplished electrically without any mechanical movement. Moreover, the nonimaging structure of the proposed method increases the expressible depth range considerably. We explain the method of operation and present experimental results.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Lippmann, C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446 (1908).
  2. C. B. Burckhardt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 71 (1968).
  3. F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, and I. Yuyama, Appl. Opt. 36, 1598 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1814 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata, and T. Dohi, Opt. Express 12, 1067 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, Opt. Lett. 26, 1481 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S.-S. Kim, K.-H. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J.-H. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4297, 222 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, and V. V. Saveljev, Proc. SPIE 5202, 1 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Eichenlaub, Proc. SPIE 3295, 180 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, and V. V. Saveljev, Proc. SPIE 5202, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

1998 (1)

J. Eichenlaub, Proc. SPIE 3295, 180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1968 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446 (1908).

Aggoun, A.

Arai, J.

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, and I. Yuyama, Appl. Opt. 36, 1598 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burckhardt, C. B.

Chun, J.-H.

S.-S. Kim, K.-H. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J.-H. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4297, 222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Davies, N.

Dohi, T.

Eichenlaub, J.

J. Eichenlaub, Proc. SPIE 3295, 180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hata, N.

Hoshino, H.

Iwahara, M.

Javidi, B.

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, and V. V. Saveljev, Proc. SPIE 5202, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jung, S.

Kim, S.-S.

S.-S. Kim, K.-H. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J.-H. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4297, 222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kung, S. Y.

Lee, B.

Liao, H.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446 (1908).

Makoto, O.

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Manolache, S.

McCormick, M.

Min, S.-W.

Mitani, K.

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Okano, F.

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, and I. Yuyama, Appl. Opt. 36, 1598 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J.-H.

Pen, E. F.

S.-S. Kim, K.-H. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J.-H. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4297, 222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Savaljev, V.

S.-S. Kim, K.-H. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J.-H. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4297, 222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saveljev, V. V.

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, and V. V. Saveljev, Proc. SPIE 5202, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimamoto, H.

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, K.-H.

S.-S. Kim, K.-H. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J.-H. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4297, 222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Son, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, and V. V. Saveljev, Proc. SPIE 5202, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S.-S. Kim, K.-H. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J.-H. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4297, 222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, M.

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt. (1)

C. R. Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446 (1908).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (4)

S.-S. Kim, K.-H. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J.-H. Chun, Proc. SPIE 4297, 222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, and V. V. Saveljev, Proc. SPIE 5202, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Arai, O. Makoto, M. Kobayashi, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, and F. Okano, Proc. SPIE 5006, 49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Eichenlaub, Proc. SPIE 3295, 180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the proposed method (a) in 3D mode and (b) in 2D mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

3D image formation of (a) the real field in conventional II, (b) a virtual field in conventional II, (c) the real field in the proposed method, (d) a virtual field in the proposed method.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup: (a) schematic diagram, (b) setup as implemented.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental result: (a) 3D image observed from different viewing directions, (b) part of a 2D image of elemental images, (c) 2D image of SU.

Metrics