Abstract

We present a fiber interferometer for the simultaneous measurement of phase at multiple wavelengths from a single broadband femtosecond laser. Narrow-bandwidth fiber Bragg gratings isolate a particular frequency from the broad-bandwidth laser pulse produced. The multiwavelength phase data permit the unambiguous measurement range to be significantly increased compared with the wavelengths used in the interferometer. Preliminary experimental results are presented for a two-frequency sensor with an absolute range of 0.13 mm and associated dynamic range of 43,000:1.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2004 (3)

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

R. Dandliker, Y. Salvade, and E. Zimmermann, J. Opt. 29, 105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. J. Tiziani, B. Fanze, and P. Haible, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1485 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

I. Bennion, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

K. Creath, Prog. Opt. 36, 349 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

P. Carré, Metrologia 2, 13 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

I. Bennion, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

Buller, G.

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Carré, P.

P. Carré, Metrologia 2, 13 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cense, B.

Chen, T. C.

Cova, S.

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Creath, K.

K. Creath, Prog. Opt. 36, 349 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dandliker, R.

R. Dandliker, Y. Salvade, and E. Zimmermann, J. Opt. 29, 105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Boer, J. F.

de Groot, P.

Deck, L.

Doerr, C. R.

Doran, N. J.

I. Bennion, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fanze, B.

H. J. Tiziani, B. Fanze, and P. Haible, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1485 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goosman, D. R.

Haible, P.

H. J. Tiziani, B. Fanze, and P. Haible, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1485 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Ippen, E. P.

Jones, J. D. C.

Nassif, N. A.

Nelson, L. E.

Park, B. H.

Pellegrini, S.

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, M. C.

Salvade, Y.

R. Dandliker, Y. Salvade, and E. Zimmermann, J. Opt. 29, 105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, J.

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

I. Bennion, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

Tearney, G. J.

Tiziani, H. J.

H. J. Tiziani, B. Fanze, and P. Haible, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1485 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Towers, C. E.

Towers, D. P.

Wallace, A.

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. A. R.

I. Bennion, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

Zhang, L.

I. Bennion, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, E.

R. Dandliker, Y. Salvade, and E. Zimmermann, J. Opt. 29, 105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

H. J. Tiziani, B. Fanze, and P. Haible, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1485 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

R. Dandliker, Y. Salvade, and E. Zimmermann, J. Opt. 29, 105 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia (1)

P. Carré, Metrologia 2, 13 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Bennion, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Opt. (1)

K. Creath, Prog. Opt. 36, 349 (1988).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a two-wavelength, fiber interferometer. FI, Faraday isolator; AC, angle cleave; IPD, InGaAs photodiode; LD, 980-nm 150-mW laser diode; WDMC, wavelength division multiplexing 980/1550 coupler; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; PLMR, path-length matching in the reference arm; PC, polarization controller; FC, fiber collimator; PZT, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-wavelength, phase-stepped interferometer performance showing standard deviation phase resolution of 2π/310 rad.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wrapped-phase values at the beat wavelength.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϕuk=2πmk+ϕwk, k=1,,s,
z=2πm1+ϕwlλ1=2πm2+ϕw2λ2=2πm12+ϕw12Λ12,
m1=NINTΛ12λ1ϕw122π-ϕw12π,
Λ12λ12π62σϕ,

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