Abstract

We demonstrate an in-line polarization controller based on a hollow optical fiber filled with a nematic liquid crystal by fabricating thin-film electrodes on the cladding of a fiber. The polarization controller consists of three control sections with fixed optic axes, which operate as phase retarders. The phase retardation in each section is controlled by the magnitude of the applied electric field. The full wave retardation voltage of the polarization controller is 85 V.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Z. Zhuang, S.-W. Suh, and J. S. Patel, Opt. Lett. 24, 694 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Acharya, C. Madsen, K. Baldwin, R. Macharrie, C. Huang, and R. Pindak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 312.
  3. L. Dupont, T. Sansoni, and J.-L. de B. de la Tocnaye, Opt. Commun. 209, 101 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Shimizu, S. Yamazaki, T. Ono, and K. Emura, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1217 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Prat, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1430 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Heismann, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 690 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. R. Acharya, K. W. Baldwin, R. A. MacHarrie, and J. A. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5243 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Baek, Y. Jeong, H.-R. Kim, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, Appl. Opt. 42, 5033 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Green and S. J. Madden, Appl. Opt. 28, 5202 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. M. Blinov, Electro-Optical and Magneto-Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1983), pp. 120–122.

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

B. R. Acharya, K. W. Baldwin, R. A. MacHarrie, and J. A. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Dupont, T. Sansoni, and J.-L. de B. de la Tocnaye, Opt. Commun. 209, 101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

J. Prat, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1430 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

F. Heismann, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 690 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. Shimizu, S. Yamazaki, T. Ono, and K. Emura, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1217 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Acharya, B.

B. Acharya, C. Madsen, K. Baldwin, R. Macharrie, C. Huang, and R. Pindak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 312.

Acharya, B. R.

B. R. Acharya, K. W. Baldwin, R. A. MacHarrie, and J. A. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baek, S.

Baldwin, K.

B. Acharya, C. Madsen, K. Baldwin, R. Macharrie, C. Huang, and R. Pindak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 312.

Baldwin, K. W.

B. R. Acharya, K. W. Baldwin, R. A. MacHarrie, and J. A. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Blinov, L. M.

L. M. Blinov, Electro-Optical and Magneto-Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1983), pp. 120–122.

Choi, S.

Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Comellas, J.

J. Prat, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1430 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de la Tocnaye, J.-L. de B.

L. Dupont, T. Sansoni, and J.-L. de B. de la Tocnaye, Opt. Commun. 209, 101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dupont, L.

L. Dupont, T. Sansoni, and J.-L. de B. de la Tocnaye, Opt. Commun. 209, 101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Emura, K.

H. Shimizu, S. Yamazaki, T. Ono, and K. Emura, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1217 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Green, M.

Heismann, F.

F. Heismann, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 690 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

B. Acharya, C. Madsen, K. Baldwin, R. Macharrie, C. Huang, and R. Pindak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 312.

Jeong, Y.

S. Baek, Y. Jeong, H.-R. Kim, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, Appl. Opt. 42, 5033 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Junyent, G.

J. Prat, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1430 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.-R.

Lee, B.

S. Baek, Y. Jeong, H.-R. Kim, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, Appl. Opt. 42, 5033 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-D.

Macharrie, R.

B. Acharya, C. Madsen, K. Baldwin, R. Macharrie, C. Huang, and R. Pindak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 312.

MacHarrie, R. A.

B. R. Acharya, K. W. Baldwin, R. A. MacHarrie, and J. A. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S. J.

Madsen, C.

B. Acharya, C. Madsen, K. Baldwin, R. Macharrie, C. Huang, and R. Pindak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 312.

Oh, K.

Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ono, T.

H. Shimizu, S. Yamazaki, T. Ono, and K. Emura, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1217 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Patel, J. S.

Pindak, R.

B. Acharya, C. Madsen, K. Baldwin, R. Macharrie, C. Huang, and R. Pindak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 312.

Prat, J.

J. Prat, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1430 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. A.

B. R. Acharya, K. W. Baldwin, R. A. MacHarrie, and J. A. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sansoni, T.

L. Dupont, T. Sansoni, and J.-L. de B. de la Tocnaye, Opt. Commun. 209, 101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seo, H. S.

Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, H.

H. Shimizu, S. Yamazaki, T. Ono, and K. Emura, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1217 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Suh, S.-W.

Yamazaki, S.

H. Shimizu, S. Yamazaki, T. Ono, and K. Emura, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1217 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yang, B.

Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, Z.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. R. Acharya, K. W. Baldwin, R. A. MacHarrie, and J. A. Rogers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Jeong, B. Yang, B. Lee, H. S. Seo, S. Choi, and K. Oh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 519 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Prat, J. Comellas, and G. Junyent, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1430 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

F. Heismann, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 690 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Shimizu, S. Yamazaki, T. Ono, and K. Emura, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1217 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Dupont, T. Sansoni, and J.-L. de B. de la Tocnaye, Opt. Commun. 209, 101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

L. M. Blinov, Electro-Optical and Magneto-Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1983), pp. 120–122.

B. Acharya, C. Madsen, K. Baldwin, R. Macharrie, C. Huang, and R. Pindak, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 312.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the proposed device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Alignment of nematic directors of the nematic LC (a) without and (b) with an external electric field. Angle θ increases with applied voltage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Procedure for fabrication of thin-film electrodes on the cladding.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variation of output SOP in the first and the second control sections.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Phase retardation in one of the control sections as a function of applied voltage.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1nx2θ=sin2 θne2+cos2 θno2,
Γ=2πLλnxθ-no,

Metrics