Abstract

The first, to my knowledge, experimental demonstration of photoerasure of UV-induced birefringence and polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) in chirped fiber Bragg gratings is presented here. The photoerasure process carried out by launching high-peak-power (0.6kW) pulsed (10-Hz, 5-ns) circularly polarized laser light in the visible wavelength (532 nm) through the core of a fiber with the grating was found to reduce its PMD by more than 85% to 0.12 ps. Possible reasons for the photoerasure process, including photobleaching of UV-induced absorption and randomization of dipole orientation of UV-induced defects, are discussed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

R. Caponi, E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, and G. Zaffiro, Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 295 (2000).

1997 (1)

C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (4)

1990 (1)

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, and D. P. Hand, Proc. SPIE 1373, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Askins, C. G.

C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, and D. C. Johnson, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 140.

Brennan, J.

D. Wang, M. Matthews, and J. Brennan, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 313.

Brennan, J. F.

J. F. Brennan, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 637.

Caponi, R.

R. Caponi, E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, and G. Zaffiro, Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 295 (2000).

Ciaramella, E.

R. Caponi, E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, and G. Zaffiro, Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 295 (2000).

Claus, R. O.

Dossou, K.

Erdogan, T.

Favin, D. L.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, M.

Hand, D. P.

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, and D. P. Hand, Proc. SPIE 1373, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harumoto, M.

M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, M. Harumoto, and H. Suganuma, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. BThC23-1.

Hill, K. O.

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, and D. C. Johnson, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 140.

Inniss, D.

Ishikawa, S.

M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, M. Harumoto, and H. Suganuma, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. BThC23-1.

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, and D. C. Johnson, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 140.

Kosinski, S. G.

LaRochelle, S.

Lemaire, P. J.

Limberger, H. G.

Malo, B.

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, and D. C. Johnson, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 140.

Matthews, M.

D. Wang, M. Matthews, and J. Brennan, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 313.

Meyer, T.

Mizrahi, V.

Murphy, K. A.

Nicati, P. A.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poyntz-Wright, L. J.

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, and D. P. Hand, Proc. SPIE 1373, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Putnam, M. A.

C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

Renner, H.

Riccardi, E.

R. Caponi, E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, and G. Zaffiro, Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 295 (2000).

Robert, P. A.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, and D. P. Hand, Proc. SPIE 1373, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Salathe, R. P.

Schiano, M.

R. Caponi, E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, and G. Zaffiro, Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 295 (2000).

M. Schiano and G. Zaffiro, in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 403–404.

Shigehara, M.

M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, M. Harumoto, and H. Suganuma, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. BThC23-1.

Suganuma, H.

M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, M. Harumoto, and H. Suganuma, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. BThC23-1.

Tambosso, T.

R. Caponi, E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, and G. Zaffiro, Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 295 (2000).

Varelas, D.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Wang, A.

Wang, D.

D. Wang, M. Matthews, and J. Brennan, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 313.

Zaffiro, G.

R. Caponi, E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, and G. Zaffiro, Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 295 (2000).

M. Schiano and G. Zaffiro, in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 403–404.

Zhong, Q.

Zhou, S.

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

R. Caponi, E. Ciaramella, E. Riccardi, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, and G. Zaffiro, Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 295 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Dossou, S. LaRochelle, and M. Fontaine, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1463 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. St. J. Russell, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, and D. P. Hand, Proc. SPIE 1373, 126 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

D. Wang, M. Matthews, and J. Brennan, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 313.

M. Shigehara, S. Ishikawa, M. Harumoto, and H. Suganuma, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, Postconference Digest, Vol. 61 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. BThC23-1.

M. Schiano and G. Zaffiro, in 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 403–404.

F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, and D. C. Johnson, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 140.

J. F. Brennan, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 637.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup: PBS, polarization beam splitter; HWP, half-wave plate; QWP, quarter-wave plate; L, lens; D, detector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of a CFBG before (dotted curve) and after photoerasure (solid curve) measured with the fixed-analyzer method. Inset, measurement setup: WLS, white-light source; P, polarizer; A, analyzer; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Average PMD values of CFBGs measured after photoerasure as a function of laser pulse energy. Data, dotted curve; linear fit, solid curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

PMD of a CFBG before and after photoerasure measured by use of an OVA and the MPS method.

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