Abstract

Recent theoretical work predicts that the quantum-limited noise figure of a χ3-based fiber-optical parametric amplifier operating as a phase-insensitive in-line amplifier or as a wavelength converter exceeds the standard 3-dB limit at high gain. The degradation of the noise figure is caused by the excess noise added by the unavoidable Raman gain and loss occurring at the signal and the converted wavelengths. We present detailed experimental evidence in support of this theory through measurements of the gain and noise-figure spectra for phase-insensitive parametric amplification and wavelength conversion in a continuous-wave amplifier made from 4.4 km of dispersion-shifted fiber. The theory is also extended to include the effect of distributed linear loss on the noise figure of such a long-length parametric amplifier and wavelength converter.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, Opt. Lett. 28, 692 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Wang, A. Agarwal, Y. Su, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 614 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agarwal, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 36, 1103 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 39, 195 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. L. Blows and S. E. French, Opt. Lett. 27, 491 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Inoue and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 969 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. L. Voss, R. Y. Tang, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 28, 549 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 29, 445 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, J. Opt. B 6, S762 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, W. J. Tomlinson, and H. A. Haus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1159 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 27, 1232 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Boskovic, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and O. A. Levring, Opt. Lett. 21, 1966 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (4)

P. L. Voss, R. Y. Tang, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 28, 549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, and L. G. Kazovsky, Opt. Lett. 28, 692 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 39, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (5)

K. Inoue and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 969 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, A. Agarwal, Y. Su, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Blows and S. E. French, Opt. Lett. 27, 491 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 27, 1232 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agarwal, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 36, 1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1989 (1)

Agarwal, A.

L. Wang, A. Agarwal, Y. Su, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agarwal, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 36, 1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Blows, J. L.

Boskovic, A.

Centanni, J.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, S. V.

Devgan, P.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 39, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

French, S. E.

Gordon, J. P.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hedekvist, P.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 969 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kumar, P.

P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 29, 445 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, J. Opt. B 6, S762 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 39, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Voss, R. Y. Tang, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 28, 549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, A. Agarwal, Y. Su, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agarwal, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 36, 1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lasri, J.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 39, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levring, O. A.

Li, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

McKinstrie, C. J.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

K. Inoue and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 969 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

Radic, S.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 39, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

Stolen, R. H.

Su, Y.

L. Wang, A. Agarwal, Y. Su, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agarwal, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 36, 1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tang, R.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 39, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tang, R. Y.

Taylor, J. R.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Uesaka, K.

Voss, P. L.

Wang, L.

L. Wang, A. Agarwal, Y. Su, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agarwal, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 36, 1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K. Y.

Electron. Lett. (3)

Y. Su, L. Wang, A. Agarwal, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 36, 1103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. Devgan, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, Electron. Lett. 39, 195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. Agrawal, Electron. Lett. 39, 838 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. Inoue and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 969 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Wang, A. Agarwal, Y. Su, and P. Kumar, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B (1)

P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, J. Opt. B 6, S762 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics