Abstract

All-optical regeneration of differential phase-shift keying signals based on phase-sensitive amplification is described. Nearly ideal phase regeneration can be achieved in the undepleted-pump regime, and simultaneous amplitude and phase regeneration can be realized in the depleted-pump regime.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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2003

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2000

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, Electron. Lett. 36, 63 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Rhee, D. Chowdhury, K. S. Cheng, and U. Gliese, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

1994

R. D. Li, P. Kumar, and W. L. Kath, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

M. E. Marhic and C. H. Hsia, Quantum Opt. 3, 341 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

Atia, W. A.

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, in Proceedings of the LEOS 12th Annual Meeting, Vol. 1 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1999), pp. 226–227.

Belanger, P. A.

Bondurant, R. S.

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, in Proceedings of the LEOS 12th Annual Meeting, Vol. 1 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1999), pp. 226–227.

Castanon, G.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara, and H. Onaka, in Proceedings of the LEOS 14th Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 673–674.

Chandrasekhar, S.

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, K. S.

J. K. Rhee, D. Chowdhury, K. S. Cheng, and U. Gliese, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Choudhary, S.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara, and H. Onaka, in Proceedings of the LEOS 14th Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 673–674.

Chowdhury, D.

J. K. Rhee, D. Chowdhury, K. S. Cheng, and U. Gliese, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Croussore, K.

K. Croussore, C. Kim, and G. Li, paper presented at the Nonlinear Optics Topical Meeting, Waikoloa, Hawaii, August 2–6, 2004.

Doran, N. J.

Gabitov, I. R.

Gliese, U.

J. K. Rhee, D. Chowdhury, K. S. Cheng, and U. Gliese, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Hoshida, T.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara, and H. Onaka, in Proceedings of the LEOS 14th Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 673–674.

Hsia, C. H.

M. E. Marhic and C. H. Hsia, Quantum Opt. 3, 341 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Imajuku, W.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, Electron. Lett. 36, 63 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, Electron. Lett. 32, 677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kath, W. L.

R. D. Li, P. Kumar, and W. L. Kath, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

K. Croussore, C. Kim, and G. Li, paper presented at the Nonlinear Optics Topical Meeting, Waikoloa, Hawaii, August 2–6, 2004.

Kim, H.

H. Kim and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

R. D. Li, P. Kumar, and W. L. Kath, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kuwahara, H.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara, and H. Onaka, in Proceedings of the LEOS 14th Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 673–674.

Leuthold, J.

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

K. Croussore, C. Kim, and G. Li, paper presented at the Nonlinear Optics Topical Meeting, Waikoloa, Hawaii, August 2–6, 2004.

Li, R. D.

R. D. Li, P. Kumar, and W. L. Kath, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lushnikov, P. M.

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic and C. H. Hsia, Quantum Opt. 3, 341 (1991).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Onaka, H.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara, and H. Onaka, in Proceedings of the LEOS 14th Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 673–674.

Pare, C.

Rhee, J. K.

J. K. Rhee, D. Chowdhury, K. S. Cheng, and U. Gliese, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

Stulz, L.

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takada, A.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, Electron. Lett. 36, 63 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, Electron. Lett. 32, 677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Terahara, T.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara, and H. Onaka, in Proceedings of the LEOS 14th Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 673–674.

Vassilieva, O.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara, and H. Onaka, in Proceedings of the LEOS 14th Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 673–674.

Villeneuve, A.

Wei, X.

Xu, C.

Yamabayashi, Y.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, Electron. Lett. 36, 63 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, Electron. Lett. 36, 63 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, Electron. Lett. 32, 677 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Rhee, D. Chowdhury, K. S. Cheng, and U. Gliese, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. D. Li, P. Kumar, and W. L. Kath, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Quantum Opt.

M. E. Marhic and C. H. Hsia, Quantum Opt. 3, 341 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, in Proceedings of the LEOS 12th Annual Meeting, Vol. 1 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1999), pp. 226–227.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara, and H. Onaka, in Proceedings of the LEOS 14th Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 673–674.

K. Croussore, C. Kim, and G. Li, paper presented at the Nonlinear Optics Topical Meeting, Waikoloa, Hawaii, August 2–6, 2004.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the PSA. Two 50:50 directional couplers and highly nonlinear optical fiber (HNLF) make up a nonlinear Mach-Zehnder interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Signal power versus amplifier length for four input powers (labeled) and pump power of 20 mW. (b) Normalized field gain (solid curve) and output signal phase (dotted curve) versus relative input phase for Pp0=20 mW, L=6 km, and Ps0=175 µW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phasor diagrams of DPSK data (a) after 500-km transmission, (b) after phase-only regeneration, L=6 km, (c) after phase-only regeneration, L=10 km, (d) after simultaneous phase and amplitude regeneration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Signal output power versus input power for different values of input pump–signal phase difference. Inset, output versus input power for a range of 5–15 mW. (b) Signal output versus input phase for input powers of 5 and 15 mW. Inset, output versus input phase near 0 or π points, ±0.2π.

Equations (2)

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Es=expiϕ0iEp0expiϕp0sinϕnl+Es0expiϕs0cosϕnl,
Ps=Ps0 cos2ϕnl+Pp0 sin2ϕnl-Pp0Ps0sin2ϕnlsinϕp0-ϕs0,

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