Abstract

A polarization-diverse subsystem based on periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides is used as an optical phase conjugator for compensation for linear and nonlinear distortion. We show successful transmission formats of 13×40 Gbit/s non-return-to-zero mixed with 6×10 Gbit/s non-return-to-zero and 40-Gbit/s duobinary over 8×100 km of standard single-mode fiber. A single phase conjugator is used to conjugate all data formats, including the alternative duobinary format, simultaneously.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3559 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1997), pp. 1–4.
  4. U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.
  5. M. H. Chou, J. Hauden, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 1004 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.
  7. R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.
  8. S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.
  10. H. E. Escobar and L. Marshall, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper WH2.

2004

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998

1996

S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Brener, I.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Burkett, W.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Chaban, E. E.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, J. Hauden, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 1004 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

de Waardt, H.

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Didier Coelho, L.

G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.

Dietrich, E.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.

Diez, S.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.

Ehrke, H. J.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.

Escobar, H.

R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.

Escobar, H. E.

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Escobar and L. Marshall, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper WH2.

Faerbert, A.

G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.

Feiste, U.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.

Fejer, M. M.

M. H. Chou, J. Hauden, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 1004 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Fürst, C.

G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.

Glingener, C.

G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.

Gottwald, E.

G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.

Harel, R.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Hauden, J.

Huang, R.

R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.

Ishikawa, G.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1997), pp. 1–4.

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawahara, M.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G.-D.

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kosinski, S.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Kra, G.

R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.

Ludwig, R.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.

Marshall, L.

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.

H. E. Escobar and L. Marshall, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper WH2.

Mikkelsen, B.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Mohs, G.

G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.

Nielsen, J. G.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1997), pp. 1–4.

Okayama, H.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ooi, H.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1997), pp. 1–4.

Parameswaren, K.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Philen, D. L.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Raybon, G.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Razic, D.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.

Rottwitt, K.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Scheerer, C.

G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.

Sher, M.

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.

Shirasaki, M.

S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sonne, C.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1997), pp. 1–4.

Spälter, S.

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stark, J. B.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

Takeda, S.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1997), pp. 1–4.

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1997), pp. 1–4.

Weber, H. G.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.

White, I.

R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.

Woll, D.

R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.

Xu, C. Q.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. L. Jansen, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, H. E. Escobar, L. Marshall, and M. Sher, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1763 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 243 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaren, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen, and S. Kosinski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper PD33.

R. Huang, D. Woll, I. White, H. Escobar, L. Marshall, G. Kra, and M. Sher, presented at the National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference, March 6–11, 2003.

G. Mohs, L. Didier Coelho, E. Gottwald, C. Scheerer, C. Fürst, A. Faerbert, and C. Glingener, presented at the International Optical and Optoelectronics Communications Conference (OECC/IOOC 2001), Sydney, Australia, July 2001.

H. E. Escobar and L. Marshall, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper WH2.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1997), pp. 1–4.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, E. Dietrich, S. Diez, H. J. Ehrke, D. Razic, and H. G. Weber, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (Lerko, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 113–117.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: Tx, transmitter; Rx, receiver; Mod, modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectra with a resolution bandwidth of 0.1 nm (a) of the transmitter; (b) of the transmitter, zoomed in on the 40-Gbit/s duobinary and 10-Gbit/s NRZ channels; (c) after the phase conjugator (after 400 km of SSMF); and (d) after 800 km of SSMF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) OSNR at the receiver (before demultiplexing) and (b) BER performance of all 20 channels.

Metrics