Abstract

We demonstrate a novel spectral-shearing interferometry setup for characterizing the temporal amplitude and phase of ultrashort optical pulses over an extremely wide wavelength region. By the mixing of two strongly chirped auxiliary pulses with the pulse to be characterized, two spectrally sheared replicas are generated, and their spectral interference is evaluated. We fully characterize 10-fs pulses in the visible region by sum-frequency mixing and 19-fs pulses in the ultraviolet region by difference-frequency mixing. The scheme is self-referencing and highly sensitive. The zero-additional-phase scheme does not alter the unknown pulses and yields the pulse shape at the interaction point of a spectroscopic experiment.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Baltuška, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 23, 1474 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1314 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Cheng, A. Fürbach, S. Sartania, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 24, 247 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).
  5. M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 70, S67 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Dorrer, P. Londero, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 26, 1510 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Imeshev, M. M. Fejer, and J.-P. Meyn, Opt. Lett. 26, 614 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, 37 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 28, 185 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Dorrer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1160 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

P. Londero, M. E. Anderson, C. Radzewicz, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, J. Mod. Opt. 50, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 28, 185 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

2000 (3)

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, 37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 70, S67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (5)

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M. E.

P. Londero, M. E. Anderson, C. Radzewicz, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, J. Mod. Opt. 50, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).

A. Baltuška, M. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 23, 1474 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 28, 185 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beutter, M.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

De Silvestri, S.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

Durfee, C. G.

Fejer, M. M.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fürbach, A.

Gallmann, L.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Imeshev, M. M. Fejer, and J.-P. Meyn, Opt. Lett. 26, 614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 70, S67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

P. Londero, M. E. Anderson, C. Radzewicz, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, J. Mod. Opt. 50, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

Keller, U.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Imeshev, M. M. Fejer, and J.-P. Meyn, Opt. Lett. 26, 614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 70, S67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).

Krausz, F.

Krumbügel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Le, T.

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, 37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

Lochbrunner, S.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 28, 185 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Londero, P.

P. Londero, M. E. Anderson, C. Radzewicz, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, J. Mod. Opt. 50, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, P. Londero, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 26, 1510 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 70, S67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Murnane, M. M.

Piel, J.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 28, 185 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Polli, D.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M.

Radzewicz, C.

P. Londero, M. E. Anderson, C. Radzewicz, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, J. Mod. Opt. 50, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 28, 185 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

Schenkl, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, 37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

Spörlein, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Imeshev, M. M. Fejer, and J.-P. Meyn, Opt. Lett. 26, 614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 70, S67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 70, S67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 24, 1314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sweeter, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Wiersma, D. A.

Wilhelm, T.

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zinth, W.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (6)

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).

M. Zavelani-Rossi, D. Polli, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 74, 245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 70, S67 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, 37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

P. Londero, M. E. Anderson, C. Radzewicz, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, J. Mod. Opt. 50, 179 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (9)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweeter, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of (a) (X-)SPIDER and (b) the novel ZAP-SPIDER. Dω denotes a spectrograph.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental setup: SF57, dispersive glass; BS, beam splitter; Ω, delay to adjust the spectral shear; BBO, thin mixing crystal; τ, delay to adjust mean fringe spacing; SP, spectrograph with entrance slit; G, grating. (b) Beam geometry in the case of difference-frequency mixing. (c) Interference of two spatially separated beams focused into a thin slit (d, slit width; w0, focal waist radius).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Spectrum and spectral phase and (b) temporal intensity and phase of a 10.0-fs visible pulse. (c) Comparison between the intensity autocorrelation calculated from the pulse shape determined by ZAP-SPIDER (solid curve) and the measured trace (dots).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) ZAP-SPIDER interferogram, (b) spectrum and spectral phase, and (c) temporal intensity and phase of a 19-fs UV pulse.

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