Abstract

An oscillatory characteristic of diffraction is observed as a result of strong beam coupling in a weakly oxidized LiNbO3:Ce:Cu crystal during the recording step in the production of nonvolatile photorefractive holograms. On this basis the optimal switching time from the recording step to the fixing step for high diffraction of a fixed hologram is studied. It is shown that switching after the first diffraction maximum leads theoretically to fixed diffraction of as much as 100% with a suitable switching time. Both an experimental demonstration and a theoretical simulation are presented.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Li, L. Liu, Y. Guo, and C. Zhou, Proc. SPIE 4114, 221 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (4)

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Commun. 197, 187 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1064 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 40, 5175 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (5)

J. Li, L. Liu, Y. Guo, and C. Zhou, Proc. SPIE 4114, 221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Lett. 25, 908 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 25, 539 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, and C. Zhou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2964 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 24, 652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 19, 1437 (1999).

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

R. Magnusson and T. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 40, 5175 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 25, 539 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 24, 652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 40, 5175 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 25, 539 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 24, 652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K.

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chung, S.

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T.

R. Magnusson and T. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

J. Li, L. Liu, Y. Guo, and C. Zhou, Proc. SPIE 4114, 221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, T.

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Li, J.

J. Li, L. Liu, Y. Guo, and C. Zhou, Proc. SPIE 4114, 221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K.

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

L. Ren, L. Liu, D. Liu, J. Zu, and Z. Luan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2162 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, L. Ren, and G. Li, Appl. Opt. 41, 6809 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Commun. 197, 187 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1064 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, and C. Zhou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2964 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

L. Ren, L. Liu, D. Liu, J. Zu, and Z. Luan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2162 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, L. Ren, and G. Li, Appl. Opt. 41, 6809 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1064 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Commun. 197, 187 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, and C. Zhou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2964 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, L. Liu, Y. Guo, and C. Zhou, Proc. SPIE 4114, 221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Lett. 25, 908 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 19, 1437 (1999).

Liu, Y.

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Commun. 197, 187 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1064 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, and C. Zhou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2964 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Lett. 25, 908 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 19, 1437 (1999).

Luan, Z.

Magnusson, R.

R. Magnusson and T. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Opt. 40, 5175 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 25, 539 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 24, 652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ren, L.

Son, C.

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tak, S.

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Commun. 197, 187 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1064 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Lett. 25, 908 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 19, 1437 (1999).

Yu, Y.

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yue, X.

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, C.

D. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, L. Ren, and G. Li, Appl. Opt. 41, 6809 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1064 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Commun. 197, 187 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, and C. Zhou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2964 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, L. Liu, Y. Guo, and C. Zhou, Proc. SPIE 4114, 221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Lett. 25, 908 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 19, 1437 (1999).

Zu, J.

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

Y. Liu, L. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. 19, 1437 (1999).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, and C. Zhou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2964 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1064 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

R. Magnusson and T. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976).
[CrossRef]

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

K. Lim, S. Tak, S. Lee, S. Chung, C. Son, K. Choi, and Y. Yu, J. Lumin. 94–95, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Zhou, and L. Xu, Opt. Commun. 197, 187 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Li, L. Liu, Y. Guo, and C. Zhou, Proc. SPIE 4114, 221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental time evolution of diffraction efficiency during holographic recording in a weakly oxidized LiNbO3:Ce:Cu crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental result of the time evolution of diffraction for three switching times from recording to fixing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation of the time evolution of diffraction for three switching times from recording to fixing.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of maximum fixed diffraction and the corresponding switching time on crystal thickness.

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