Abstract

A thermally fixed photorefractive Bragg grating is written in a single-mode Ti:Fe:Er:LiNbO3 channel waveguide and used to develop a distributed feedback–distributed Bragg reflector coupled cavity laser with a second broadband dielectric cavity mirror. The optically pumped λp=1480 nm,P=130 mW laser emits in single-frequency operation as much as 8 mW at λ=1557.2 nm with a slope efficiency of 22%. The laser wavelength can be thermo-optically and electro-optically tuned over 100 pm.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Opt. Lett. 23, 1194 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. K. Das, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 439 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDB-11.
  5. B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1515 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988), Chap. 22.
  9. S. Wang, R. F. Codero, and C. Tseng, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3975 (1974).
    [CrossRef]

2003

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

B. K. Das, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1974

S. Wang, R. F. Codero, and C. Tseng, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3975 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Baumann, I.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Becker, C.

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Opt. Lett. 23, 1194 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bosso, S.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Breer, S.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brinkmann, R.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Codero, R. F.

S. Wang, R. F. Codero, and C. Tseng, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3975 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Corsini, R.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Das, B. K.

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDB-11.

Dinand, M.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gao, M.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Greiner, A.

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Opt. Lett. 23, 1194 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kapphan, S.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krätzig, E.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oesselke, T.

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Opt. Lett. 23, 1194 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pape, A.

Peithmann, K.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Quiring, V.

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ricken, R.

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDB-11.

Schäfer, K.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Söchtig, J.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Opt. Lett. 23, 1194 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDB-11.

Suche, H.

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Das, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Becker, A. Greiner, T. Oesselke, A. Pape, W. Sohler, and H. Suche, Opt. Lett. 23, 1194 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, C.

S. Wang, R. F. Codero, and C. Tseng, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3975 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, R. F. Codero, and C. Tseng, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3975 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wessel, R.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988), Chap. 22.

Appl. Phys. B

B. K. Das, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 73, 439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1515 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

I. Baumann, S. Bosso, R. Brinkmann, R. Corsini, M. Dinand, A. Greiner, K. Schäfer, J. Söchtig, W. Sohler, H. Suche, and R. Wessel, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 355 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S. Wang, R. F. Codero, and C. Tseng, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3975 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

B. K. Das, C. Becker, T. Oesselke, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, H. Suche, and W. Sohler, Proc. SPIE 4944, 41 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. K. Das, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDB-11.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988), Chap. 22.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic structure of DFB–DBR coupled cavity laser in operation: AR, antireflection; WDM, wavelength division demultiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized transmission characteristics of a fixed ionic grating in TE polarization (a) developed by homogeneous Ar laser illumination 250 mW/cm2 and (b) developed by illumination from an array of eight blue LEDs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DFB–DBR coupled cavity laser output power versus launched pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured Fabry–Perot spectra of the laser emission in the DFB–DBR coupled mode of operation at two slightly different temperatures. (a) Simultaneous emission of the two DFB modes with frequencies symmetrical to a pair of DBR cavity modes. (b) Single-frequency emission of one DFB mode in resonance with one DBR cavity mode. FSR, free spectral range of the Fabry–Perot spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic explanation of the DFB–DBR coupled cavity laser emission with the calculated reflectivity response of the pumped and therefore slightly amplifying grating, frequency comb of possible DBR cavity modes (dotted vertical lines), and the two frequencies of the distinguished DFB modes (solid vertical lines). (a) Simultaneous emission of the two DFB modes with frequencies symmetrical to a pair of DBR cavity modes. Inset, observed Fabry–Perot spectrum. (b) Single-frequency emission of one DFB mode in resonance with one DBR cavity mode. Inset, observed Fabry–Perot spectrum.

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