Abstract

We report the development of photosensitive polymeric optical fibers for gratings. The fiber cladding is made of a copolymer of methyl methacrylate and butyl methacrylate, and its core is made of a copolymer of methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate, and benzyl methacrylate (90/4/6 molar ratio) doped with trans-4-stilbenemethanol. Ultraviolet absorption and photoinduced refractive-index change of the doped core system are presented, and its photosensitivity is demonstrated by fabrication of Bragg gratings in the core of the fiber by use of a pulse laser at 325 nm.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 220, 337 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. H. Brown, Photochromism (Wiley, New York, 1971).
  4. D. R. Lide, ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 74th ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1993–1994).
  5. G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, S. M. Tree, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 289 (1995).
  6. J. M. Yu, X. M. Tao, and H. Y. Tam, in Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Advanced Fiber Materials (Dong Hua University, Shanghai, China, 2002), p. 73.
  7. K. L. Wiemers and J. F. Kauffman, J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 823 (2001).
  8. A. Othonos, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4309 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Cancellieri, Single-Mode Optical Fiber Measurement: Characterization and Sensing (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1993).

2003 (1)

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 220, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

K. L. Wiemers and J. F. Kauffman, J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 823 (2001).

1999 (1)

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Othonos, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4309 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, S. M. Tree, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 289 (1995).

Brown, G. H.

G. H. Brown, Photochromism (Wiley, New York, 1971).

Cancellieri, G.

G. Cancellieri, Single-Mode Optical Fiber Measurement: Characterization and Sensing (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1993).

Chaplin, R. A.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, S. M. Tree, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 289 (1995).

Chu, P. L.

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 220, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, S. M. Tree, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 289 (1995).

Kauffman, J. F.

K. L. Wiemers and J. F. Kauffman, J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 823 (2001).

Liu, H. B.

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 220, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. Y.

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 220, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lou, X.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, S. M. Tree, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 289 (1995).

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4309 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G. D.

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 220, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, S. M. Tree, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 289 (1995).

Tam, H. Y.

J. M. Yu, X. M. Tao, and H. Y. Tam, in Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Advanced Fiber Materials (Dong Hua University, Shanghai, China, 2002), p. 73.

Tao, X. M.

J. M. Yu, X. M. Tao, and H. Y. Tam, in Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Advanced Fiber Materials (Dong Hua University, Shanghai, China, 2002), p. 73.

Tree, S. M.

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, S. M. Tree, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 289 (1995).

Wiemers, K. L.

K. L. Wiemers and J. F. Kauffman, J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 823 (2001).

Wu, B.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Z.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J. M.

J. M. Yu, X. M. Tao, and H. Y. Tam, in Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Advanced Fiber Materials (Dong Hua University, Shanghai, China, 2002), p. 73.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. (1)

G. D. Peng, P. L. Chu, S. M. Tree, X. Lou, and R. A. Chaplin, J. Electr. Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 289 (1995).

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

K. L. Wiemers and J. F. Kauffman, J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 823 (2001).

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 220, 337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Othonos, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4309 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

G. Cancellieri, Single-Mode Optical Fiber Measurement: Characterization and Sensing (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1993).

J. M. Yu, X. M. Tao, and H. Y. Tam, in Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Advanced Fiber Materials (Dong Hua University, Shanghai, China, 2002), p. 73.

G. H. Brown, Photochromism (Wiley, New York, 1971).

D. R. Lide, ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 74th ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1993–1994).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

UV absorption spectra of trans-4-stilbene-methanol-doped MMA–EMA–BzMA (90/4/6 molar ratio) copolymer core. 1, cladding MMA–BMA (90/10 molar ratio); 2, core without dopant; 3, core with 1% wt. dopant.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

UV spectra change of trans-4-stilbenemethanol-doped core after 320-nm UV irradiation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effect of covered PMMA layer on UV absorption spectra. Dashed curve, with 60µm PMMA film; solid curve, no cover.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

4-stilbenemethanol isomerization from trans to cis structure upon UV irradiation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmitted spectrum with grating reflection signals.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Refractive-Index Change for Trans-4-stilbenemethanol-Doped Core After UV Irradiationa

Tables Icon

Table 2 Description of Grating Formation Process

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