Abstract

Single-mode operation of a Raman fiber laser based on a multimode fiber has been demonstrated for what is to our knowledge the first time. Single-mode operation was achieved through the beam cleanup effect of stimulated Raman scattering in multimode fibers. The Raman laser, consisting of a 50µm-core multimode fiber and a multimode Nd:YAG laser pump, produced an output beam corresponding to the fundamental mode of the fiber. The measured beam quality factor M2 of the Raman laser beam was 1.66.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2002 (2)

E. M. Dianov, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1457 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Russell, S. M. Willis, M. B. Crookston, and W. B. Roh, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11, 303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

1999 (2)

J. T. Murray, W. L. Austin, and R. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Rodgers, T. H. Russell, and W. B. Roh, Opt. Lett. 24, 1124 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. J. Stentz, Proc. SPIE 3263, 91 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

I. K. Ilev, H. Kumagai, and K. Toyoda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

A. E. Siegman, Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

R. K. Jain, C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 162 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001), p. 309 and references therein.

Austin, W. L.

J. T. Murray, W. L. Austin, and R. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bubnov, M. M.

Bufetov, I. A.

Chiang, K. S.

Codemard, C. A.

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

Crookston, M. B.

T. H. Russell, S. M. Willis, M. B. Crookston, and W. B. Roh, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11, 303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Crookston, “Single-mode Raman fiber laser in a multimode fiber,” M.S. thesis (Air Force Institute of Technology, AFIT/GAP/ENP/03-03, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 2003).

Dianov, E. M.

Grekov, M. V.

Hanna, D. C.

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

Ilev, I. K.

I. K. Ilev, H. Kumagai, and K. Toyoda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Islam, N. R.

Jain, R. K.

R. K. Jain, C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 162 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Jang, J. N.

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

Jeong, Y.

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

Jianren, L.

M. Prabhu, N. S. Kim, L. Jianren, and K. Ueda, Opt. Commun. 182, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, P.

R. K. Jain, C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 162 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N. S.

M. Prabhu, N. S. Kim, L. Jianren, and K. Ueda, Opt. Commun. 182, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kumagai, H.

I. K. Ilev, H. Kumagai, and K. Toyoda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

R. K. Jain, C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 162 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Marciante, J. R.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Murray, J. T.

J. T. Murray, W. L. Austin, and R. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

Papoulis, A.

A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variables, and Stochastic Processes (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965), p. 266.

Pleibel, W.

R. K. Jain, C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 162 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Powell, R. C.

J. T. Murray, W. L. Austin, and R. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Prabhu, M.

M. Prabhu, N. S. Kim, L. Jianren, and K. Ueda, Opt. Commun. 182, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rodgers, B. C.

Roh, W. B.

Russell, T. H.

Sahu, J. K.

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

Sakuda, K.

Selvas, R.

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

A. J. Stentz, Proc. SPIE 3263, 91 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. K. Jain, C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 162 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

I. K. Ilev, H. Kumagai, and K. Toyoda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

M. Prabhu, N. S. Kim, L. Jianren, and K. Ueda, Opt. Commun. 182, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vasiliev, S. A.

Willis, S. M.

T. H. Russell, S. M. Willis, M. B. Crookston, and W. B. Roh, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11, 303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Jain, C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, and P. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 162 (1977).
[CrossRef]

I. K. Ilev, H. Kumagai, and K. Toyoda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

T. H. Russell, S. M. Willis, M. B. Crookston, and W. B. Roh, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11, 303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Prabhu, N. S. Kim, L. Jianren, and K. Ueda, Opt. Commun. 182, 305 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

J. T. Murray, W. L. Austin, and R. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

A. E. Siegman, Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Stentz, Proc. SPIE 3263, 91 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. N. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, C. A. Codemard, R. Selvas, D. C. Hanna, and J. Nilsson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWL-1.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001), p. 309 and references therein.

M. B. Crookston, “Single-mode Raman fiber laser in a multimode fiber,” M.S. thesis (Air Force Institute of Technology, AFIT/GAP/ENP/03-03, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 2003).

A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variables, and Stochastic Processes (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965), p. 266.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectrum of a test FBG written under conditions identical to those used for the Raman laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Input–output power characteristic.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Spectrum of Raman fiber laser at 1-nm resolution. The insets show a higher resolution of the pump and Stokes at 0.1-nm resolution. (b) Similar SRS spectrum recorded in a single-pass SRS experiment using an identical fiber.17

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Near-field (top) and far-field (bottom) images of the pump (left) and Stokes beams (right).

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