Abstract

Nonlinear elliptical polarization rotation is used to improve the contrast of femtosecond pulses by several orders of magnitude. Using nonlinear induced birefringence in air, we produced cleaned pulses with an energy of a few hundreds of microjoules. This technique presents several major advantages, such as convenience and stability of the setup. We investigated the phase profile required for obtaining high-energy pulses. No phase distortion is observed, and the spatial quality of the beam is preserved.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultraffast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 16.
  2. J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.
  5. D. Homoelle, A. L. Gaeta, V. Yanovsky, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 27, 1646 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Nickles and M. Kalashnikov, presented at the fifth SHARP Meeting, Lund, Sweden, November 28–29, 2003.

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Auge, F.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultraffast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 16.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Bouvier, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buma, T.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultraffast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 16.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Cheriaux, G.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultraffast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 16.

Cornaggia, C.

C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Faure, J.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Grillon, G.

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hering, Ph.

C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Homoelle, D.

Itatani, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, M.

P. Nickles and M. Kalashnikov, presented at the fifth SHARP Meeting, Lund, Sweden, November 28–29, 2003.

Kaplan, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

D. Homoelle, A. L. Gaeta, V. Yanovsky, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 27, 1646 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultraffast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 16.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Mysyrowicz, A.

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nantel, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nickles, P.

P. Nickles and M. Kalashnikov, presented at the fifth SHARP Meeting, Lund, Sweden, November 28–29, 2003.

Planchon, T.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultraffast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 16.

Prade, B. S.

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pronko, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tien, A. C.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Traff, M.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Umstadter, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Rompay, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yanovsky, V.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Am. B (1)

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. Cornaggia and Ph. Hering, Phys. Rev. A 62, 023403 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

P. Nickles and M. Kalashnikov, presented at the fifth SHARP Meeting, Lund, Sweden, November 28–29, 2003.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultraffast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 16.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of the filter at the millijoule level based on nonlinear induced birefringence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse spectrum before (solid curve) and after (dashed curve) filtering.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated temporal shape of the pulse before filtering for different values of ϕ3 ϕ2=7000 fs2. The pulse is normalized to the intensity of the pulse with ϕ3=ϕ2=0. Calculations are achieved by taking into account the experimental spectrum and second- and third-order phase values.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Horizontal and (b) vertical cuts of the spatial beam profile before (solid curves) and after (dotted curves) filtering (ϕ3=-200,000 fs3 and ϕ2=7000 fs2).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SPIDER measurements of the phase profile of the pulse before filtering (solid curve, ϕ3=-200,000 fs3 and ϕ2=7000 fs2) and after filtering (dotted curve).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Third-order correlation curves before (gray curve) and after (black curve) filtering (ϕ3=-200,000 fs3 and ϕ2=7000 fs2).

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