Abstract

We show that frequency and intensity noise in a Nd:YAG laser are correlated to a high degree and can be traced to the same underlying cause, namely, power fluctuations of the pump source. Because of this correlation, simultaneous suppression of frequency and intensity noise by 30 dB is achieved by means of a single actuator, the pump power.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Willke and the GEO 600-Team, Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 417 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Acernesethe VIRGO collaboration, Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 385 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Andothe TAMA collaboration, Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1409 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Abbottthe LIGO Science Collaboration, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 517, 154 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kane and R. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 65 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commum. 115, 511 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. T. Yang, Y. Imai, M. Oka, N. Eguchi, and S. Kubota, Opt. Lett. 21, 1676 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Cleva, M. Taubman, C. N. Man, and A. Brillet, in Gravitational Waves, E. Coccia, G. Veneziano, and G. Pizzella, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998), pp. 321–327.
  9. C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Willke, O. S. Brozek, K. Danzmann, V. Quetschke, and S. Gossler, Opt. Lett. 25, 1019 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, and I. Freitag, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2936 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers, 4th ed. (Plenum, New York, 1998), p. 293.
  14. V. M. Quetschke, “Korrelationen von Rauschquellen bei Nd:YAG Lasersystemen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany, 2003).
  15. “SDL-5400 Series 50 to 200 mW, 810/830/852 nm Single-mode Laser Diodes” (JDS Uniphase, San Jose, Calif., 2002), http://www.jdsu.com/site/images/products/pdf/5400_010302.pdf .
  16. B. Willke, N. Uehara, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, P. J. King, S. U. Seel, and R. L. Savage, Opt. Lett. 23, 1704 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Heurs, V. M. Quetschke, B. Willke, I. Freitag, and K. Danzmann are preparing a paper detailing these experiments.

2004 (3)

B. Willke and the GEO 600-Team, Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 417 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Acernesethe VIRGO collaboration, Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbottthe LIGO Science Collaboration, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 517, 154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Andothe TAMA collaboration, Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1409 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commum. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

Abbott, B.

B. Abbottthe LIGO Science Collaboration, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 517, 154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Acernese, F.

F. Acernesethe VIRGO collaboration, Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ando, M.

M. Andothe TAMA collaboration, Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1409 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bachor, H.-A.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, and I. Freitag, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2936 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brillet, A.

F. Cleva, M. Taubman, C. N. Man, and A. Brillet, in Gravitational Waves, E. Coccia, G. Veneziano, and G. Pizzella, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998), pp. 321–327.

Brozek, O. S.

Byer, R.

Byer, R. L.

Cleva, F.

F. Cleva, M. Taubman, C. N. Man, and A. Brillet, in Gravitational Waves, E. Coccia, G. Veneziano, and G. Pizzella, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998), pp. 321–327.

Danzmann, K.

B. Willke, O. S. Brozek, K. Danzmann, V. Quetschke, and S. Gossler, Opt. Lett. 25, 1019 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Heurs, V. M. Quetschke, B. Willke, I. Freitag, and K. Danzmann are preparing a paper detailing these experiments.

Eguchi, N.

Freitag, I.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, and I. Freitag, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2936 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commum. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Heurs, V. M. Quetschke, B. Willke, I. Freitag, and K. Danzmann are preparing a paper detailing these experiments.

Gossler, S.

Gray, M. B.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E. K.

Harb, C. C.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, and I. Freitag, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2936 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heurs, M.

M. Heurs, V. M. Quetschke, B. Willke, I. Freitag, and K. Danzmann are preparing a paper detailing these experiments.

Huntington, E. H.

Imai, Y.

Kane, T.

King, P. J.

Kubota, S.

Machida, S.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Man, C. N.

F. Cleva, M. Taubman, C. N. Man, and A. Brillet, in Gravitational Waves, E. Coccia, G. Veneziano, and G. Pizzella, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998), pp. 321–327.

McClelland, D. E.

Nilsson, O.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oka, M.

Quetschke, V.

Quetschke, V. M.

V. M. Quetschke, “Korrelationen von Rauschquellen bei Nd:YAG Lasersystemen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany, 2003).

M. Heurs, V. M. Quetschke, B. Willke, I. Freitag, and K. Danzmann are preparing a paper detailing these experiments.

Ralph, T. C.

Rottengatter, P.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Savage, R. L.

Schilling, R.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seel, S. U.

Svelto, O.

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers, 4th ed. (Plenum, New York, 1998), p. 293.

Taubman, M.

F. Cleva, M. Taubman, C. N. Man, and A. Brillet, in Gravitational Waves, E. Coccia, G. Veneziano, and G. Pizzella, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998), pp. 321–327.

Tünnermann, A.

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commum. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Uehara, N.

Welling, H.

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commum. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Willke, B.

B. Willke and the GEO 600-Team, Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 417 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, O. S. Brozek, K. Danzmann, V. Quetschke, and S. Gossler, Opt. Lett. 25, 1019 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Willke, N. Uehara, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, P. J. King, S. U. Seel, and R. L. Savage, Opt. Lett. 23, 1704 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Heurs, V. M. Quetschke, B. Willke, I. Freitag, and K. Danzmann are preparing a paper detailing these experiments.

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, S. T.

Class. Quantum Grav. (3)

B. Willke and the GEO 600-Team, Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 417 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Acernesethe VIRGO collaboration, Class. Quantum Grav. 21, 385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Andothe TAMA collaboration, Class. Quantum Grav. 19, 1409 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

B. Abbottthe LIGO Science Collaboration, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 517, 154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commum. (1)

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commum. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

F. Cleva, M. Taubman, C. N. Man, and A. Brillet, in Gravitational Waves, E. Coccia, G. Veneziano, and G. Pizzella, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998), pp. 321–327.

M. Heurs, V. M. Quetschke, B. Willke, I. Freitag, and K. Danzmann are preparing a paper detailing these experiments.

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers, 4th ed. (Plenum, New York, 1998), p. 293.

V. M. Quetschke, “Korrelationen von Rauschquellen bei Nd:YAG Lasersystemen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany, 2003).

“SDL-5400 Series 50 to 200 mW, 810/830/852 nm Single-mode Laser Diodes” (JDS Uniphase, San Jose, Calif., 2002), http://www.jdsu.com/site/images/products/pdf/5400_010302.pdf .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the single-mode laser-diode-pumped NPRO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Stabilization scheme for the single-mode laser-diode-pumped NPRO. PD1–PD3, photodetectors; RC, reference cavity; AC, analyzer cavity; CL, current lock stabilization SM-NPRO to reference cavity; ACL, stabilization analyzer cavity to SM-NPRO; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; EOM, electro-optic modulator; PP, pickoff plate; LD, laser diode; IN, intensity noise measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Free-running, in-loop, and out-of-loop frequency noise of the SM-NPRO with current lock.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity noise of the SM-NPRO with and without current lock

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