Abstract

We present a method of measuring the absolute phase in heterodyne-detected transient grating experiments. The method permits direct and sensitive characterization of the amplitude and phase of the grating parameters. We also present a convenient implementation of this technique and demonstrate its efficacy in a cuprate superconductor.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. J. Eichler, P. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).
  3. Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7857 (1995).
  4. G. D. Goodno, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1791 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. A. Maznev, K. A. Nelson, and T. A. Rogers, Opt. Lett. 23, 1319 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. P. Ogilvie, M. Plazanet, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 10460 (2002).
  7. N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy, Science 300, 1410 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy, Science 300, 1410 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

J. P. Ogilvie, M. Plazanet, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 10460 (2002).

1998

G. D. Goodno, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Maznev, K. A. Nelson, and T. A. Rogers, Opt. Lett. 23, 1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7857 (1995).

Bonn, D. A.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy, Science 300, 1410 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Y. J.

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7857 (1995).

Cong, P.

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7857 (1995).

Dadusc, G.

J. P. Ogilvie, M. Plazanet, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 10460 (2002).

G. D. Goodno, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, P. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[CrossRef]

Gedik, N.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy, Science 300, 1410 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goodno, G. D.

G. D. Goodno, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

H. J. Eichler, P. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, W. N.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy, Science 300, 1410 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, R.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy, Science 300, 1410 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maznev, A. A.

Miller, R. J. D.

J. P. Ogilvie, M. Plazanet, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 10460 (2002).

G. D. Goodno, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

Ogilvie, J. P.

J. P. Ogilvie, M. Plazanet, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 10460 (2002).

Orenstein, J.

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy, Science 300, 1410 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plazanet, M.

J. P. Ogilvie, M. Plazanet, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 10460 (2002).

Pohl, D. W.

H. J. Eichler, P. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, T. A.

Scherer, N. F.

P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).

Simon, J. D.

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7857 (1995).

Vohringer, P.

P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

G. D. Goodno, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem.

P. Vohringer and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 2684 (1995).

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 7857 (1995).

J. Phys. Chem. B

J. P. Ogilvie, M. Plazanet, G. Dadusc, and R. J. D. Miller, J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 10460 (2002).

Opt. Lett.

Science

N. Gedik, J. Orenstein, R. Liang, D. A. Bonn, and W. N. Hardy, Science 300, 1410 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

H. J. Eichler, P. Gunter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Boxcar phase-matching geometry of the transient grating experiment. The pump beams that create the grating are incident along k1 and k2, and the probe and LO beams are incident along kP and kLO. Since kLO=kP+q, the diffracted probe beam emerges collinear with the specular or the transmitted LO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for complete characterization of a transient grating in reflection geometry. CS, coverslip.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized photoinduced change in intensity as a function of the coverslip angle (θ) in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. The solid lines are fits to Eqs. (2) and (3) with ψθ=ψ0+kθ, where ψ0 and k are constants. The phase difference between the two cosines gives 2ϕS=-0.96 rad.

Equations (3)

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IDELO2+ES2+2 ReELOES*,
ΔIP1IPeq=δrr0cosϕS+/2cosψ-ϕS,
ΔIP2IPeq=δrr0cosϕS+/2cosψ+ϕS.

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