Abstract

We report the design and testing of a circular involute stage for high-repetition-rate (hundreds of hertz), fine temporal resolution (better than 10 fs), and long delay range (as great as nanoseconds) time-resolved optical experiments. This stage uses a reflector with the involute profile of a circle as well as a pair of optical mirrors mounted upon a rotating plate to guide the optical beam, following the tangent of the circle. This circular involute stage provides unprecedented performance for optical interference, high-resolution terahertz time-domain spectroscopy, and general optical pump–probe experiments.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2004

2003

2002

1996

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

1991

D. C. Edelstein, R. B. Romney, and M. Scheuermann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988

X. Guan, M. Lambsdorff, J. Kuhf, and B. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2088 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1978

Beissoer, F. A.

Boppart, S. A.

A. L. Oldenburg, J. J. Reynolds, D. L. Marks, and S. A. Boppart, Appl. Opt. 42, 4606 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N. G.

Chu, K. G.

Chudoba, C.

Cobb, M. J.

Dienes, A.

Edelstein, D. C.

D. C. Edelstein, R. B. Romney, and M. Scheuermann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. F.

Fujimoto, J. G.

P. L. Hsiung, X. Li, C. Chudoba, I. Hartl, T. H. Ko, and J. G. Fujimoto, Appl. Opt. 42, 640 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Golubovic, B.

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guan, X.

X. Guan, M. Lambsdorff, J. Kuhf, and B. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2088 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Heritage, J. P.

Hsiung, P. L.

Ito, M.

Ko, T. H.

Kuhf, J.

X. Guan, M. Lambsdorff, J. Kuhf, and B. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2088 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, K. F.

Lambsdorff, M.

X. Guan, M. Lambsdorff, J. Kuhf, and B. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2088 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Liu, X.

Marks, D. L.

Moritani, Y.

Okamura, Y.

Oldenburg, A. L.

Pan, O.-L.

C.-L. Wang, S.-A. Wang, S. C. Wang, and O.-L. Pan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CWN5.

Reynolds, J. J.

Romney, R. B.

D. C. Edelstein, R. B. Romney, and M. Scheuermann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scheuermann, M.

D. C. Edelstein, R. B. Romney, and M. Scheuermann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shiina, T.

Swanson, E. A.

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tearney, G. J.

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 17, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-L.

C.-L. Wang, S.-A. Wang, S. C. Wang, and O.-L. Pan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CWN5.

Wang, S. C.

C.-L. Wang, S.-A. Wang, S. C. Wang, and O.-L. Pan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CWN5.

Wang, S.-A.

C.-L. Wang, S.-A. Wang, S. C. Wang, and O.-L. Pan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CWN5.

Wu, B.

X. Guan, M. Lambsdorff, J. Kuhf, and B. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2088 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yankelevich, D.

Zhu, Q.

Appl. Opt.

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

X. Guan, M. Lambsdorff, J. Kuhf, and B. Wu, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2088 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, R. B. Romney, and M. Scheuermann, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

C.-L. Wang, S.-A. Wang, S. C. Wang, and O.-L. Pan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), Vol. 6 of OSA 1998 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper CWN5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of a circular involute stage. The optical beam is injected into the stage following the rotation axis. A mirror at point O (the center of the rotating plate) reflects the laser beam to the second mirror, which is fixed at point A. The second mirror, at point A, guides the beam to follow the tangent of the evolute circle on the reflector with the profile of the involute of a circle. The beam will be retroreflected by the involute reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photo of a prototype of a circular involute stage. M1 and M2, the pair of rotation mirrors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical autocorrelation signal measured by the involute stage and a linear stage. SHG, second-harmonic generation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical time delay versus rotation angle of the circular involute stage. The curve is the result calculated from d=2aϕ.

Equations (2)

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x=acos ϕ+ϕ sin ϕ,  y=asin ϕ-ϕ cos ϕ.
τ=aδϕ3/12c.

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