Abstract

Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanium oxide glasses prepared by a conventional melting–quenching technique was discovered. The absorption spectrum of the glasses covered a wide range from the visible to the near-infrared wavelength regions and consisted of five broad peaks below 370, 500, 700, 800, and 1000 nm. The fluorescence spectrum exhibited broadband characteristics (FWHM) greater than 300 nm with a maximum at 1300 nm pumped by an 808-nm laser. The fluorescence lifetime at room temperature decreased with increasing Bi2O3 concentration in the glass. Codoping of aluminum and bismuth was indispensable for the broadband infrared luminescence in GeO2:Bi, Al glass.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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2003 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

D. Chen, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, Acta Phys. Sin. 50, 1501 (2001).

S. Tanabe, Glastech. Ber. 74C, 67 (2001).

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. V. Gapontsev, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 166, 85 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

J. A. Duffy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 196, 45 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Fu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 194, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

R. Retoux, F. Studer, C. Michel, B. Raveau, A. Fontaine, and E. Dartyge, Phys. Rev. B 41, 193 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

N. M. Ravindra, R. A. Weeks, and D. L. Kinser, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6132 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

S. Parke and R. S. Webb, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 34, 85 (1973).

Alp, E. E.

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Campuzano, J. C.

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

D. Chen, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, Acta Phys. Sin. 50, 1501 (2001).

Chernikov, S. V.

D. V. Gapontsev, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 166, 85 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dartyge, E.

R. Retoux, F. Studer, C. Michel, B. Raveau, A. Fontaine, and E. Dartyge, Phys. Rev. B 41, 193 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Duffy, J. A.

J. A. Duffy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 196, 45 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Faiz, M.

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, A.

R. Retoux, F. Studer, C. Michel, B. Raveau, A. Fontaine, and E. Dartyge, Phys. Rev. B 41, 193 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J.

J. Fu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 194, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, D. V.

D. V. Gapontsev, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 166, 85 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jennings, G.

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

D. Chen, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, Acta Phys. Sin. 50, 1501 (2001).

Kinser, D. L.

N. M. Ravindra, R. A. Weeks, and D. L. Kinser, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6132 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Michel, C.

R. Retoux, F. Studer, C. Michel, B. Raveau, A. Fontaine, and E. Dartyge, Phys. Rev. B 41, 193 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mini, S. M.

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Parke, S.

S. Parke and R. S. Webb, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 34, 85 (1973).

Ramanathan, M.

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Raveau, B.

R. Retoux, F. Studer, C. Michel, B. Raveau, A. Fontaine, and E. Dartyge, Phys. Rev. B 41, 193 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ravindra, N. M.

N. M. Ravindra, R. A. Weeks, and D. L. Kinser, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6132 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Retoux, R.

R. Retoux, F. Studer, C. Michel, B. Raveau, A. Fontaine, and E. Dartyge, Phys. Rev. B 41, 193 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Salem-Sugui, S.

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V. A.

E. V. Zharikov and V. A. Smirnov, in Wide-Gap Luminescent Materials: Theory and Applications, S. R. Rotman, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1997), pp. 13–137.
[CrossRef]

Studer, F.

R. Retoux, F. Studer, C. Michel, B. Raveau, A. Fontaine, and E. Dartyge, Phys. Rev. B 41, 193 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

S. Tanabe, Glastech. Ber. 74C, 67 (2001).

Taylor, J. R.

D. V. Gapontsev, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 166, 85 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Volf, M. B.

M. B. Volf, Chemical Approach to Glass, Vol. 7 of Glass Science and Technology Series (Elsevier, New York, 1984), pp. 406–410, 465–469.

Webb, R. S.

S. Parke and R. S. Webb, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 34, 85 (1973).

Weeks, R. A.

N. M. Ravindra, R. A. Weeks, and D. L. Kinser, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6132 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zharikov, E. V.

E. V. Zharikov and V. A. Smirnov, in Wide-Gap Luminescent Materials: Theory and Applications, S. R. Rotman, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1997), pp. 13–137.
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

D. Chen, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, Acta Phys. Sin. 50, 1501 (2001).

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

D. Chen, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, Acta Phys. Sin. 50, 1501 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, Electron. Lett. 34, 1490 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Glastech. Ber. (1)

S. Tanabe, Glastech. Ber. 74C, 67 (2001).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

J. A. Duffy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 196, 45 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Fu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 194, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

S. Parke and R. S. Webb, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 34, 85 (1973).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. V. Gapontsev, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 166, 85 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

N. M. Ravindra, R. A. Weeks, and D. L. Kinser, Phys. Rev. B 36, 6132 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. Retoux, F. Studer, C. Michel, B. Raveau, A. Fontaine, and E. Dartyge, Phys. Rev. B 41, 193 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. Salem-Sugui, E. E. Alp, S. M. Mini, M. Ramanathan, J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, and M. Faiz, Phys. Rev. B 43, 5511 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. B. Volf, Chemical Approach to Glass, Vol. 7 of Glass Science and Technology Series (Elsevier, New York, 1984), pp. 406–410, 465–469.

E. V. Zharikov and V. A. Smirnov, in Wide-Gap Luminescent Materials: Theory and Applications, S. R. Rotman, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1997), pp. 13–137.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectrum of 96GeO2·3Al2O3·1Bi2O3 glass.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fluorescence spectrum of 96GeO2·3Al2O3·1Bi2O3 glass pumped by an 808-nm laser. Dotted curves, results of Gaussian fits.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence decay curve of 96GeO2·3Al2O3·1.0Bi2O3 glass pumped by an 808-nm laser measured by monitoring 1300-nm emission at room temperature. Dotted curve, results of fitting first-order exponential decay.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Integrated fluorescence intensity and lifetime of 96GeO2·4-xAl2O3·xBi2O3 x=0.05,0.1,0.5,1.0,1.5,2.0 glasses.

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