Abstract

Two-dimensional angular optical scattering (TAOS) patterns of droplets composed of a mixture of H2O and D2O are detected in the mid infrared. First, a lens is used in the Abbé sine condition to collect a small solid angle of light, where the scattering pattern matches well numerical simulations based on Mie theory. Next, TAOS patterns from droplets spanning a large (2π sr) solid angle are captured simultaneously at two wavelengths. The effects of absorption are evident in the patterns and are discernible without the need for curve matching by Mie theory.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2003 (2)

Y. L. Pan, K. B. Aptowicz, R. K. Chang, M. Hart, and J. D. Eversole, Opt. Lett. 28, 589 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Suchalkin, J. Bruno, R. Tober, D. Westerfeld, M. Kisin, and G. Belenky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

R. Kaspi, A. Ongstad, G. C. Dente, J. Chavez, M. L. Tilton, and D. Gianardi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Max and C. Chapados, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 4626 (2002).

R. Q. Yang, J. L. Bradshaw, J. D. Bruno, J. T. Pham, D. E. Wortman, and R. L. Tober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. D. Barnes, C. Y. Kung, N. Lermer, K. Fukui, B. G. Sumpter, D. W. Noid, and J. U. Otaigbe, Opt. Lett. 24, 121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Sachweh, H. Barthel, R. Polke, H. Umhauer, and H. Buttner, J. Aerosol Sci. 30, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

1989 (1)

J. E. Bertie, M. K. Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

1975 (1)

T. R. Marshall, C. S. Parmenter, and M. Seaver, Science 190, 375 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, M. K.

J. E. Bertie, M. K. Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

Aptowicz, K. B.

Barnes, M. D.

Barthel, H.

B. Sachweh, H. Barthel, R. Polke, H. Umhauer, and H. Buttner, J. Aerosol Sci. 30, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Belenky, G.

S. Suchalkin, J. Bruno, R. Tober, D. Westerfeld, M. Kisin, and G. Belenky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bertie, J. E.

J. E. Bertie, M. K. Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

Bottiger, J. R.

Bradshaw, J. L.

R. Q. Yang, J. L. Bradshaw, J. D. Bruno, J. T. Pham, D. E. Wortman, and R. L. Tober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bruno, J.

S. Suchalkin, J. Bruno, R. Tober, D. Westerfeld, M. Kisin, and G. Belenky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bruno, J. D.

R. Q. Yang, J. L. Bradshaw, J. D. Bruno, J. T. Pham, D. E. Wortman, and R. L. Tober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buttner, H.

B. Sachweh, H. Barthel, R. Polke, H. Umhauer, and H. Buttner, J. Aerosol Sci. 30, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

Chapados, C.

J. J. Max and C. Chapados, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 4626 (2002).

Chavez, J.

R. Kaspi, A. Ongstad, G. C. Dente, J. Chavez, M. L. Tilton, and D. Gianardi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dente, G. C.

R. Kaspi, A. Ongstad, G. C. Dente, J. Chavez, M. L. Tilton, and D. Gianardi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eversole, J. D.

Eysel, H. H.

J. E. Bertie, M. K. Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

Foti, P. J.

A. K. Goyal, G. W. Turner, M. J. Manfra, P. J. Foti, P. O’Brien, and A. Sanchez, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 200–201.

Fukui, K.

Gianardi, D.

R. Kaspi, A. Ongstad, G. C. Dente, J. Chavez, M. L. Tilton, and D. Gianardi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Goyal, A. K.

A. K. Goyal, G. W. Turner, M. J. Manfra, P. J. Foti, P. O’Brien, and A. Sanchez, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 200–201.

Guppy, J. R.

Hart, M.

Hill, S. C.

Hillis, D. B.

Hirst, E.

Holler, S.

Kaspi, R.

R. Kaspi, A. Ongstad, G. C. Dente, J. Chavez, M. L. Tilton, and D. Gianardi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaye, P.

Kaye, P. H.

Kisin, M.

S. Suchalkin, J. Bruno, R. Tober, D. Westerfeld, M. Kisin, and G. Belenky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kung, C. Y.

Lermer, N.

Manfra, M. J.

A. K. Goyal, G. W. Turner, M. J. Manfra, P. J. Foti, P. O’Brien, and A. Sanchez, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 200–201.

Marshall, T. R.

T. R. Marshall, C. S. Parmenter, and M. Seaver, Science 190, 375 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Max, J. J.

J. J. Max and C. Chapados, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 4626 (2002).

Noid, D. W.

O’Brien, P.

A. K. Goyal, G. W. Turner, M. J. Manfra, P. J. Foti, P. O’Brien, and A. Sanchez, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 200–201.

Ongstad, A.

R. Kaspi, A. Ongstad, G. C. Dente, J. Chavez, M. L. Tilton, and D. Gianardi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Otaigbe, J. U.

Pan, Y. L.

Parmenter, C. S.

T. R. Marshall, C. S. Parmenter, and M. Seaver, Science 190, 375 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pham, J. T.

R. Q. Yang, J. L. Bradshaw, J. D. Bruno, J. T. Pham, D. E. Wortman, and R. L. Tober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Polke, R.

B. Sachweh, H. Barthel, R. Polke, H. Umhauer, and H. Buttner, J. Aerosol Sci. 30, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sachweh, B.

B. Sachweh, H. Barthel, R. Polke, H. Umhauer, and H. Buttner, J. Aerosol Sci. 30, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, A.

A. K. Goyal, G. W. Turner, M. J. Manfra, P. J. Foti, P. O’Brien, and A. Sanchez, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 200–201.

Seaver, M.

T. R. Marshall, C. S. Parmenter, and M. Seaver, Science 190, 375 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Suchalkin, S.

S. Suchalkin, J. Bruno, R. Tober, D. Westerfeld, M. Kisin, and G. Belenky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sumpter, B. G.

Tilton, M. L.

R. Kaspi, A. Ongstad, G. C. Dente, J. Chavez, M. L. Tilton, and D. Gianardi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tober, R.

S. Suchalkin, J. Bruno, R. Tober, D. Westerfeld, M. Kisin, and G. Belenky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tober, R. L.

R. Q. Yang, J. L. Bradshaw, J. D. Bruno, J. T. Pham, D. E. Wortman, and R. L. Tober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Turner, G. W.

A. K. Goyal, G. W. Turner, M. J. Manfra, P. J. Foti, P. O’Brien, and A. Sanchez, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 200–201.

Umhauer, H.

B. Sachweh, H. Barthel, R. Polke, H. Umhauer, and H. Buttner, J. Aerosol Sci. 30, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang-Thomas, Z.

Westerfeld, D.

S. Suchalkin, J. Bruno, R. Tober, D. Westerfeld, M. Kisin, and G. Belenky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wortman, D. E.

R. Q. Yang, J. L. Bradshaw, J. D. Bruno, J. T. Pham, D. E. Wortman, and R. L. Tober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, R. Q.

R. Q. Yang, J. L. Bradshaw, J. D. Bruno, J. T. Pham, D. E. Wortman, and R. L. Tober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. Q. Yang, J. L. Bradshaw, J. D. Bruno, J. T. Pham, D. E. Wortman, and R. L. Tober, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Suchalkin, J. Bruno, R. Tober, D. Westerfeld, M. Kisin, and G. Belenky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Kaspi, A. Ongstad, G. C. Dente, J. Chavez, M. L. Tilton, and D. Gianardi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Aerosol Sci. (1)

B. Sachweh, H. Barthel, R. Polke, H. Umhauer, and H. Buttner, J. Aerosol Sci. 30, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. J. Max and C. Chapados, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 4626 (2002).

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

J. E. Bertie, M. K. Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

P. H. Kaye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 141 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

T. R. Marshall, C. S. Parmenter, and M. Seaver, Science 190, 375 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. K. Goyal, G. W. Turner, M. J. Manfra, P. J. Foti, P. O’Brien, and A. Sanchez, in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2001), pp. 200–201.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Spherical polar coordinates system used to define the direction of a scattered ray. (b) Experimental setup utilized for TAOS measurements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typically detected TAOS patterns from droplets composed of D2O, a 50%–50% mixture of H2O and D2O, and H2O. (d)–(f) Horizontal slices of collected TAOS patterns compared with Mie theory calculations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for collecting simultaneous TAOS patterns at two wavelengths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Row I, TAOS pattern at λ=3.9 µm detected from a single droplet (diameter, 55 µm). Row II, corresponding numerical simulations based on Mie theory. Row III, TAOS patterns collected simultaneously at 5.1 µm from the same single droplets as for row I. Row IV, corresponding numerical simulations of row III based on Mie theory.

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