Abstract

Photoinduced anisotropy in a bacteriorhodopsin film using the pump–probe method was investigated. A diode-pumped second-harmonic YAG laser was used as the pump beam, and three wavelengths, at λ=442,532,655 nm, from different lasers were used as probe beams. Without the pump beam, the probe light cannot transmit the analyzer to the detector. However, because of photoinduced anisotropy, a portion of the probe light is detected when the pump beam is present. Based on this property, we demonstrate a full-color all-optical display.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. R. Birge, Annu. Rev. Biophys. Bioeng. 10, 315 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Okamoto, I. Yamaguchi, and K. Yamagata, Opt. Lett. 22, 337 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. E. Dovgalenko, M. Klotz, G. J. Salamo, and G. L. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 287 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Sánchez-de-la-Llave and M. A. Fiddy, Appl. Opt. 38, 815 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. H. Huang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Y. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2028 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. E. Peale, A. B. Ruffin, and J. E. Donahue, Appl. Opt. 36, 4446 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Sanio, U. Settle, K. Abderle, and N. Hampp, Opt. Lett. 24, 379 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Hampp, M. Sanio, and K. Anderle, Proc. SPIE 3636, 40 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. R. Lindvold and H. Lausen, Proc. SPIE 3013, 202 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Y. Korchemskaya, D. A. Stepanchikov, A. B. Druzhko, and T. V. Dyukova, J. Biol. Phys. 24, 201 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. T. Wu, U. Efron, and L. D. Hess, Appl. Opt. 23, 3911 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. T. Wu, U. Efron, and T. Y. Hsu, Opt. Lett. 13, 13 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

Y. H. Huang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Y. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2028 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

M. Sanio, U. Settle, K. Abderle, and N. Hampp, Opt. Lett. 24, 379 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Hampp, M. Sanio, and K. Anderle, Proc. SPIE 3636, 40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Sánchez-de-la-Llave and M. A. Fiddy, Appl. Opt. 38, 815 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Y. Korchemskaya, D. A. Stepanchikov, A. B. Druzhko, and T. V. Dyukova, J. Biol. Phys. 24, 201 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (3)

1996 (1)

G. E. Dovgalenko, M. Klotz, G. J. Salamo, and G. L. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

R. R. Birge, Annu. Rev. Biophys. Bioeng. 10, 315 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Abderle, K.

Anderle, K.

N. Hampp, M. Sanio, and K. Anderle, Proc. SPIE 3636, 40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Birge, R. R.

R. R. Birge, Annu. Rev. Biophys. Bioeng. 10, 315 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Donahue, J. E.

Dovgalenko, G. E.

G. E. Dovgalenko, M. Klotz, G. J. Salamo, and G. L. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Druzhko, A. B.

E. Y. Korchemskaya, D. A. Stepanchikov, A. B. Druzhko, and T. V. Dyukova, J. Biol. Phys. 24, 201 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dyukova, T. V.

E. Y. Korchemskaya, D. A. Stepanchikov, A. B. Druzhko, and T. V. Dyukova, J. Biol. Phys. 24, 201 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Efron, U.

Fiddy, M. A.

Hampp, N.

M. Sanio, U. Settle, K. Abderle, and N. Hampp, Opt. Lett. 24, 379 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Hampp, M. Sanio, and K. Anderle, Proc. SPIE 3636, 40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hess, L. D.

Hsu, T. Y.

Huang, Y. H.

Y. H. Huang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Y. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2028 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Klotz, M.

G. E. Dovgalenko, M. Klotz, G. J. Salamo, and G. L. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Korchemskaya, E. Y.

E. Y. Korchemskaya, D. A. Stepanchikov, A. B. Druzhko, and T. V. Dyukova, J. Biol. Phys. 24, 201 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lausen, H.

L. R. Lindvold and H. Lausen, Proc. SPIE 3013, 202 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lindvold, L. R.

L. R. Lindvold and H. Lausen, Proc. SPIE 3013, 202 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

Peale, R. E.

Ruffin, A. B.

Salamo, G. J.

G. E. Dovgalenko, M. Klotz, G. J. Salamo, and G. L. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez-de-la-Llave, D.

Sanio, M.

M. Sanio, U. Settle, K. Abderle, and N. Hampp, Opt. Lett. 24, 379 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Hampp, M. Sanio, and K. Anderle, Proc. SPIE 3636, 40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Settle, U.

Stepanchikov, D. A.

E. Y. Korchemskaya, D. A. Stepanchikov, A. B. Druzhko, and T. V. Dyukova, J. Biol. Phys. 24, 201 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, G. L.

G. E. Dovgalenko, M. Klotz, G. J. Salamo, and G. L. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

Yamagata, K.

Yamaguchi, I.

Zhao, Y. Y.

Y. H. Huang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Y. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2028 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Biophys. Bioeng. (1)

R. R. Birge, Annu. Rev. Biophys. Bioeng. 10, 315 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. E. Dovgalenko, M. Klotz, G. J. Salamo, and G. L. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Huang, S. T. Wu, and Y. Y. Zhao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2028 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Biol. Phys. (1)

E. Y. Korchemskaya, D. A. Stepanchikov, A. B. Druzhko, and T. V. Dyukova, J. Biol. Phys. 24, 201 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (2)

N. Hampp, M. Sanio, and K. Anderle, Proc. SPIE 3636, 40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Lindvold and H. Lausen, Proc. SPIE 3013, 202 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental apparatus for investigating photoinduced anisotropy in a bR film: P1, P2, crossed polarizers; P3 is at 45° with respect to P1. NDs, neutral-density filters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental results before and after the pump beam is turned on: (a) λ=442 nm, (b) λ=532 nm, (c) λ=655 nm. The intensity of the green pump beam is 1400 mW/cm2, and the intensities of the 442-, 532-, and 655-nm probe beams are I=110,70,90 mW/cm2, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmittance of the probe beam as a function of pump-beam intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Images measured with a CCD camera: (a) original image, (b) λ=442 nm, (c) λ=532 nm, (d) λ=655 nm. Pump beam, λ=532 nm with I=24 mW/cm2. Probe-beam intensities, I=0.3,0.6,0.25 mW/cm2 for λ=655,532,442 nm, respectively.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

CR=Imax/Imin,

Metrics