Abstract

The effect of structural irregularities in photonic crystal fibers on scalar and vector modulational instability (MI) processes is studied by numerical simulations and experiments. For an anomalous-dispersion regime pump, variations in core ellipticity as small as 0.5% over length scales of the order of several meters are shown to have a negligible effect on scalar MI, yet they completely suppress vector MI. In contrast, for a normal-dispersion regime pump, vector MI is shown to be robust against such fluctuations.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2004 (1)

F. Biancalana and D. Skyrabin, J. Opt. A 6, 301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (5)

N. I. Nikolov, T. Sorenson, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Pitois and G. Millot, Opt. Commun. 226, 415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).

Arriaga, J.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

N. I. Nikolov, T. Sorenson, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, F.

F. Biancalana and D. Skyrabin, J. Opt. A 6, 301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjarklev, A.

N. I. Nikolov, T. Sorenson, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

Coker, A.

Dudley, J. M.

Efimov, A.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fiorentino, M.

Harvey, J. D.

Karlsson, M.

Knight, J. C.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Leonhardt, R.

Luan, F.

D. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Millot, G.

Nikolov, N. I.

N. I. Nikolov, T. Sorenson, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pitois, S.

S. Pitois and G. Millot, Opt. Commun. 226, 415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

Ranka, J. K.

Reeves, W. H.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sauter, A.

Sharping, J. E.

Silvestre, E.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D.

D. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D. V.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skyrabin, D.

F. Biancalana and D. Skyrabin, J. Opt. A 6, 301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sorenson, T.

N. I. Nikolov, T. Sorenson, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

Taylor, A. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Wong, G. K. L.

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

F. Biancalana and D. Skyrabin, J. Opt. A 6, 301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

N. I. Nikolov, T. Sorenson, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Karlsson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, Nature 424, 511 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Pitois and G. Millot, Opt. Commun. 226, 415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

D. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 301, 1705 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).

BandSOLVE 1.3 (RSoft Design Group, New York, 2003).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top, calculated MI gain curves and bottom, corresponding simulated output spectra for anomalous- and normal-dispersion regime pumps.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated MI gain curves assuming a periodic variation in core ellipticity of 0.5% for (a) anomalous- and (b) normal-dispersion regime pumps.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top, simulated and bottom, experimental output spectra after 3.9 m of PCF propagation with a pump polarized at 45° to the principal axes for anomalous- and normal-dispersion regime pumping.

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