Abstract

Optical waveguide writing is demonstrated by means of a diode-pumped cavity-dumped Yb:glass femtosecond laser oscillator with a pulse energy of 270 nJ at a 166-kHz repetition rate. Waveguides realized on an Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass are almost perfectly mode matched to standard single-mode fibers at 1.55 µm and show a 1.2-dB net gain in a standard telecommunications amplifier setup. Waveguide writing with a compact femtosecond laser oscillator is an important step toward introducing this technique into an industrial context.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2004 (1)

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

G. Cerullo, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Opt. Lett. 27, 1938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

2000 (1)

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Bado, P.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

Brodeur, A.

Burghoff, J.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Will, J. Burghoff, J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWI6.

Cerullo, G.

Chan, J. W.

Davies, K. M.

De Silvestri, S.

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C. Florea and K. A. Winick, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Garcia, J. F.

Hartl, I.

Hirao, K.

Huser, T.

Ippen, E. P.

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Kopf, D.

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Krol, D. M.

Laporta, P.

Lederer, M. J.

Limpert, J.

M. Will, J. Burghoff, J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWI6.

Marangoni, M.

Maynard, R.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Minoshima, K.

Miura, K.

Morgner, U.

Nolte, S.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Will, J. Burghoff, J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWI6.

Osellame, R.

Polli, D.

Ramponi, R.

Risbud, S.

Said, A. A.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

Schreiber, T.

M. Will, J. Burghoff, J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWI6.

Sikorski, Y.

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Streltsov, A. M.

Sugimoto, N.

Taccheo, S.

Tuennermann, A.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Will, J. Burghoff, J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWI6.

Will, M.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Will, J. Burghoff, J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWI6.

Winick, K. A.

C. Florea and K. A. Winick, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

M. Will, J. Burghoff, J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWI6.

Appl. Phys. A (1)

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, Appl. Phys. A 77, 109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

Y. Sikorski, A. A. Said, P. Bado, R. Maynard, C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, Electron. Lett. 36, 226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, G. Cerullo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, and S. De Silvestri, Electron. Lett. 38, 964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (1)

M. Will, J. Burghoff, J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, S. Nolte, and A. Tuennermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CWI6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Differential interference contrast microscope images of waveguides from above and (insets) cross sections from the end face. Waveguides written at 100 µm/s with two different microscope objectives: (a) 50×, N.A. 0.6; (b) 100× oil immersion, N.A. 1.4.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Near-field image of the waveguide mode at the 1.60µm wavelength. The intensity profiles in the x and y directions are also shown (solid curves), together with the fiber mode intensity profiles (dashed curves) at the same wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diamonds, measured internal gain in the 12-mm waveguide (the curve is a guide for the eye). Dashed line, insertion losses.

Equations (1)

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η=EgEf*dxdy2EgEg*dxdyEfEf*dxdy,

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