Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate repetitive M-ary spectral phase pulse shaping by placing a programmable pulse shaper driven by a 10-GHz source in a closed loop. This permits generation of encoded and decoded signals in the same apparatus by forming a closed loop to circulate a part of the output back into the pulse shaper. As a result, a series of M-1 distinct encoded waveforms is sequentially generated, followed by generation of a properly decoded pulse.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2003

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Express. 11, 1763 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 555 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

H. Takenouchi, T. Goh, and T. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 37, 777 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1992

S. Boztas, R. Hammons, and P. V. Kumar, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 38, 1101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bannister, J.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Boztas, S.

S. Boztas, R. Hammons, and P. V. Kumar, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 38, 1101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. C.

Chujo, W.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 555 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Goh, T.

H. Takenouchi, T. Goh, and T. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 37, 777 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gurkan, D.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Hammons, R.

S. Boztas, R. Hammons, and P. V. Kumar, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 38, 1101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Harumoto, M.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, T.

H. Takenouchi, T. Goh, and T. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 37, 777 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iwashima, T.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kamath, P.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Kanie, T.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Katayama, M.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelm, J. H.

J. H. Kelm and B. C. Wang, in The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2003), pp. 232–233.

Kitayama, K.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 555 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P. V.

S. Boztas, R. Hammons, and P. V. Kumar, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 38, 1101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Kurokawa, T.

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

R. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Express. 11, 1763 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. H.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Naganuma, K.

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, R.

R. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Express. 11, 1763 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishimura, M.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Petropoulos, P.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sahin, A.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Salehi, J. A.

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sano, T.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sardesai, H. P.

Shigehara, M.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sotobayashi, H.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 555 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Suganuma, H.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takenouchi, H.

H. Takenouchi, T. Goh, and T. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 37, 777 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Teh, P. C.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Touch, J.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Tsuda, H.

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wada, N.

Wang, B. C.

J. H. Kelm and B. C. Wang, in The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2003), pp. 232–233.

Weiner, A. M.

R. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Express. 11, 1763 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1919 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Sardesai, C. C. Chang, and A. M. Weiner, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

Electron. Lett.

H. Takenouchi, T. Goh, and T. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 37, 777 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Sano, T. Iwashima, M. Katayama, T. Kanie, M. Harumoto, M. Shigehara, H. Suganuma, and M. Nishimura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1109 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi, and T. Kurokawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 569 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 555 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory

S. Boztas, R. Hammons, and P. V. Kumar, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 38, 1101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express.

R. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Express. 11, 1763 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1919 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. H. Kelm and B. C. Wang, in The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2003), pp. 232–233.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. Sahin, A. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, D. Starodubov, J. Bannister, P. Kamath, and J. Touch, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 654.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Closed-loop pulse shaper experimental apparatus. A portion of the coded output is reinjected into the shaper through the input coupler to generate other code-translated or properly decoded signals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross-correlation measurements of uncoded (solid curve), length-15 (dashed curve), and length-31 (dotted curve) maximal-length sequence (MS) coded pulses. The input short pulses are time spread after spectral coding.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross-correlation measurements of the M-ary coder outputs: (a) uncoded, (b) M=2, (c) M=3, (d) M=4 coded pulses. The numbers labeling the pulses represent the number of shaper passes.

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