Abstract

An elliptical-core hole assisted single-polarization fiber was designed, fabricated, and characterized. Numerical modeling based on the vectorial Maxwell equation reveals the dependence of the single-polarization bandwidth on core delta and air-hole size. Several single-polarization fibers based on this design with their single-polarization operating windows centered between 0.9 and 1.5 µm were successfully demonstrated. A correlation between fiber birefringence and single-polarization operating bandwidth is qualitatively confirmed. A single-polarization bandwidth as high as 55 nm was observed. These fibers also show very high extinction ratios of 60 dB or higher at lengths much shorter than 1 m. Other properties such as the dependence on length of the single-polarization operating window were also measured.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Suganuma, T. Myogadani, and H. Yokota, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Venice, Italy, October 1–4, 1985.
  4. S. Furukawa, T. Fujimoto, and T. Hinata, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1307 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, M. Nishimura, and H. Yokota, Electron. Lett. 18, 824 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. E. Goell, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 9, 2132 (1969).
  9. K. Kikuchi and T. Okoshi, Opt. Lett. 8, 122 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Derickson, ed., Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), Chap. 9.
  11. D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

2004 (1)

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Ferrando and J. J. Miret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

K. Kikuchi and T. Okoshi, Opt. Lett. 8, 122 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, M. Nishimura, and H. Yokota, Electron. Lett. 18, 824 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

J. E. Goell, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 9, 2132 (1969).

Berkey, G.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Chen, X.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Ferrando, A.

A. Ferrando and J. J. Miret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, T.

Furukawa, S.

Goell, J. E.

J. E. Goell, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 9, 2132 (1969).

Gray, S.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Hinata, T.

Howard, R. E.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

Koh, J.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Koyanagi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, H.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

MacChesney, J. B.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Messerly, M. J.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelson, R. C.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miret, J. J.

A. Ferrando and J. J. Miret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Myogadani, T.

H. Suganuma, T. Myogadani, and H. Yokota, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Venice, Italy, October 1–4, 1985.

Nishimura, M.

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, M. Nishimura, and H. Yokota, Electron. Lett. 18, 824 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nolan, D.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Okoshi, T.

K. Kikuchi and T. Okoshi, Opt. Lett. 8, 122 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, M. Nishimura, and H. Yokota, Electron. Lett. 18, 824 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Onstott, J. R.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Oyamada, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, M. Nishimura, and H. Yokota, Electron. Lett. 18, 824 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sears, F. M.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Suganuma, H.

H. Suganuma, T. Myogadani, and H. Yokota, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Venice, Italy, October 1–4, 1985.

Tanaka, M.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tennent, C.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Walton, D. T.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Wang, J.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Wood, W.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Yamaguchi, S.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, H.

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, M. Nishimura, and H. Yokota, Electron. Lett. 18, 824 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Suganuma, T. Myogadani, and H. Yokota, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Venice, Italy, October 1–4, 1985.

Zenteno, L.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Ferrando and J. J. Miret, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

J. E. Goell, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 9, 2132 (1969).

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, M. Nishimura, and H. Yokota, Electron. Lett. 18, 824 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. MacChesney, and R. E. Howard, J. Lightwave Technol. LT–1, 370 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, and R. C. Mikkelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 817 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Furukawa, T. Fujimoto, and T. Hinata, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

D. Derickson, ed., Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), Chap. 9.

D. T. Walton, S. Gray, L. Zenteno, X. Chen, M. Li, D. Nolan, G. Berkey, J. Wang, J. Koh, W. Wood, and C. Tennent, in Advanced Solid State Photonics 2004, G. J. Quarles, ed., Vol. 94 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper PD-4.

H. Suganuma, T. Myogadani, and H. Yokota, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications, Venice, Italy, October 1–4, 1985.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross section of the single-polarization fiber with dual air holes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Single-polarization bandwidth as a function of air-hole size. The core Δ is assumed to be 1%, and the aspect ratio of the major and minor axes of the core is 1.5. (b) Single-polarization bandwidth as a function of core Δ. The air-hole diameter is assumed to be 5 µm; the aspect ratio of the core is 3.0.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra of the two linear polarization modes for fiber 5.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured fiber cutoff wavelengths for several fiber lengths for fiber 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured PDL at three fiber lengths L as a function of wavelength for fiber 5.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Results of Measuring Single-Polarization Fibersa

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