Abstract

Multiple passages of light through an absorption inhomogeneity of finite size deep within a turbid medium are analyzed for optical imaging by use of the self-energy diagram. The nonlinear correction becomes more important for an inhomogeneity of a larger size and with greater contrast in absorption with respect to the host background. The nonlinear correction factor agrees well with that from Monte Carlo simulations for cw light. The correction is approximately 50%–75% in the near infrared for an absorption inhomogeneity with the typical optical properties found in tissues and five times the size of the transport mean free path.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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