Abstract

We have investigated both theoretically and experimentally the spectral behavior and the transmission and reflection performance of a photonic-crystal (PhC) mode converter upon an InP substrate. This taper exhibits 70% transmission efficiency on an 80-nm bandwidth when it couples a ridge access guide to a strongly confined single-missing-row PhC guide. Such a taper design included in a PhC bend contributes a large benefit to the overall transmission budget of the PhC-based link.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).
  2. M. Kamp, T. Happ, S. Mahnkopf, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and G. H. Duan, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.
  3. A. Talneau, M. Mulot, and S. Anand, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.
  4. S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlassov, Opt. Express 11, 2927 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Talneau, Ph. Lalanne, M. Agio, and C. M. Soukoulis, Opt. Lett. 27, 1522 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Mulot, S. Anand, C. F. Carlström, M. Swillo, and A. Talneau, Phys. Scr. T101, 106 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Talneau, L. Legouezigou, and N. Bouadma, Opt. Lett. 26, 1259 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Ph. Lalanne and A. Talneau, Opt. Express 10, 354 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and Ph. Lalanne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2577 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

2001 (2)

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, L. Legouezigou, and N. Bouadma, Opt. Lett. 26, 1259 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Agio, M.

A. Talneau, Ph. Lalanne, M. Agio, and C. M. Soukoulis, Opt. Lett. 27, 1522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

Anand, S.

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and Ph. Lalanne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2577 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Mulot, S. Anand, C. F. Carlström, M. Swillo, and A. Talneau, Phys. Scr. T101, 106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, and S. Anand, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

M. Kamp, T. Happ, S. Mahnkopf, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and G. H. Duan, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

Benisty, H.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bouadma, N.

Carlström, C. F.

M. Mulot, S. Anand, C. F. Carlström, M. Swillo, and A. Talneau, Phys. Scr. T101, 106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G. H.

M. Kamp, T. Happ, S. Mahnkopf, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and G. H. Duan, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

Forchel, A.

M. Kamp, T. Happ, S. Mahnkopf, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and G. H. Duan, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

Happ, T.

M. Kamp, T. Happ, S. Mahnkopf, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and G. H. Duan, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

Houdré, R.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Kafesaki, M.

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

Kamp, M.

M. Kamp, T. Happ, S. Mahnkopf, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and G. H. Duan, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

Krauss, T. F.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, Ph.

Legouezigou, L.

Mahnkopf, S.

M. Kamp, T. Happ, S. Mahnkopf, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and G. H. Duan, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

McNab, S. J.

Meade, R. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Moll, N.

Mulot, M.

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and Ph. Lalanne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2577 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Mulot, S. Anand, C. F. Carlström, M. Swillo, and A. Talneau, Phys. Scr. T101, 106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, and S. Anand, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

Oesterle, U.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, S.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

Rattier, M.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. J. M.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

A. Talneau, Ph. Lalanne, M. Agio, and C. M. Soukoulis, Opt. Lett. 27, 1522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

Swillo, M.

M. Mulot, S. Anand, C. F. Carlström, M. Swillo, and A. Talneau, Phys. Scr. T101, 106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Talneau, A.

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and Ph. Lalanne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2577 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Lalanne and A. Talneau, Opt. Express 10, 354 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mulot, S. Anand, C. F. Carlström, M. Swillo, and A. Talneau, Phys. Scr. T101, 106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, Ph. Lalanne, M. Agio, and C. M. Soukoulis, Opt. Lett. 27, 1522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, L. Legouezigou, and N. Bouadma, Opt. Lett. 26, 1259 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, and S. Anand, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

Vlassov, Y. A.

Weisbuch, C.

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Winn, J. N.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and Ph. Lalanne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2577 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Phys. Rev. B 63, 113311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr. (1)

M. Mulot, S. Anand, C. F. Carlström, M. Swillo, and A. Talneau, Phys. Scr. T101, 106 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

M. Kamp, T. Happ, S. Mahnkopf, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and G. H. Duan, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, and S. Anand, presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, September 21–25, 2003.

A. Talneau, M. Mulot, S. Anand, S. Olivier, M. Agio, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Modal behaviour of single-line photonic crystal guiding structures on InP substrate,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundamentals Applications (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photographs of the taper. Left, center, u=0.29: (a) top view, (b) cross view. Right, u=0.24: (c) top view.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dispersion diagrams of a PhC waveguide W1 and a PhC waveguide W3 for f=40% along the ΓK direction; the two frequency domains investigated, near u=0.29 and u=0.24, are marked by braces. (c1)–(c3) Dispersion diagrams for a W1 when the radii of the holes of the inner row are reduced.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra through PhCW W1: left, u=0.29 f=40%; right, u=0.24 f=34%. (a) Without a taper, (b) including a taper, (c) spectral reflectivity of the taper.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Photographs of a W3–W1 tapered double bend. Left, the general structure; right, a detailed tapered bend. (b) Spectral transmission of the tapered double bend; the mean transmission of the deep ridge is plotted (dashed line) as a reference.

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