Abstract

Hyperfine transitions of molecular iodine were observed by use of the frequency-doubled output of a 1319-nm Nd:YAG laser with saturation spectroscopy. The laser frequency was stabilized to the observed hyperfine transition and reached a stability of 6×10-12 for a 1.5-s averaging time, improving toward the 1×10-12 level after 100 s. The iodine-stabilized 1319-nm Nd:YAG laser is an excellent candidate for an optical frequency standard for telecommunication applications.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2000 (1)

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, Opt. Commun. 183, 181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

1982 (2)

G. Camy, Ch. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 41, 325 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Shirley, Opt. Lett. 7, 537 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. W. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Allan, D. W.

D. W. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
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Arie, A.

Awaji, Y.

Bi, Z.-Y.

Bordé, Ch. J.

G. Camy, Ch. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 41, 325 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bortz, M. L.

Byer, R. L.

Camy, G.

G. Camy, Ch. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 41, 325 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, E. A.

de Labachelerie, M.

Dennis, T.

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Ducloy, M.

G. Camy, Ch. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 41, 325 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Gilbert, S. L.

Guo, R.

Gustafson, E. K.

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harada, S.

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, Opt. Commun. 183, 181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, J.

Hollberg, L.

Hong, F.-L.

F.-L. Hong, S. Diddams, R. Guo, Z.-Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88 (2004).
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F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, Opt. Commun. 235, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, H. Matsumoto, and K. Nakagawa, Opt. Lett. 28, 2324 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, Opt. Commun. 183, 181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, T.

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, Opt. Commun. 183, 181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Ishikawa, J.

Jiang, J.

Katsuragi, D.

Koga, Y.

Kurosu, T.

Ma, L.-S.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, H.

Minoshima, K.

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, H. Matsumoto, and K. Nakagawa, Opt. Lett. 28, 2324 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, Opt. Commun. 183, 181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

Oates, C. W.

Ohtsu, M.

Okumura, K.

Onae, A.

Pfister, O.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quinn, T. J.

T. J. Quinn, Metrologia 40, 103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sasada, H.

H. Sasada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1307 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Schiller, S.

Shimizu, T.

Shirley, J. H.

Sugiyama, K.

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, Opt. Commun. 183, 181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taubman, M.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tiemann, B.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, Opt. Commun. 183, 181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, Opt. Commun. 235, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Sasada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1307 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Metrologia (1)

T. J. Quinn, Metrologia 40, 103 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida, and S. Harada, Opt. Commun. 183, 181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Camy, Ch. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 41, 325 (1982).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, Opt. Commun. 235, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. W. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup: PD, photodiode, PP-KTP, periodically poled KTiOPO4; DM, dichroic mirror; BS, beam splitter; PBS1, PBS2, polarization beam splitters; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; EOM, electro-optic modulator; BD, balanced detector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Modulation transfer signals of the P5066 transition.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of the measured beat frequency between two lasers as a function of time. Inset, expanded view of the beat frequency between the iodine-stabilized lasers over 7 h.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Root Allan variance of the beat frequency between the iodine-stabilized lasers. For comparison the root Allan variances of a typical acetylene-stabilized laser at 1.5 µm and of a typical iodine-stabilized He–Ne laser at 633 nm are indicated.

Equations (1)

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σ2τ=12ν2M-1i=1M-1yi+1-yi2,

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