Abstract

Tunable UV pulses shorter than 10 fs are generated by achromatic frequency doubling of a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier. With a suitable two-prism sequence we achieve first- and second-order achromatic phase matching and increase the natural bandwidth of the nonlinear crystal by a factor of 80. Extremely broad UV spectra with a Fourier limit of 2.9 fs are generated in a 360µm-thick β-barium borate crystal at a conversion efficiency of 20%. We compensate for the angular dispersion and the first-order chirp of the highly stable UV pulses with a second prism sequence and fully characterize the temporal pulse shape with zero-additional-phase spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction (ZAP-SPIDER). Pulses as short as 7 fs are generated by controlling the higher-order chirp with a deformable mirror.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2004 (1)

2003 (4)

Y. Nabekawa and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 324 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, X. Zhou, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 28, 1484 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Express 23, 3110 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Imeshev, M. M. Fejer, and J.-P. Meyn, Opt. Lett. 26, 614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, S37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

1990 (2)

1989 (1)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

V. D. Volosov and E. V. Goryachkina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 854 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ashworth, S. H.

Backus, S.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).

Bartels, R.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 29, 210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Express 23, 3110 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Design and calibration of zero-additional-phase SPIDER,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Beutter, M.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, S. E.

Bor, Z.

G. Szabó and Z. Bor, Appl. Phys. B 50, 51 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheville, R. A.

Choo, H. R.

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Downer, M. C.

Durfee, C. G.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

Fejer, M. M.

Fürbach, A.

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, S37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gallmann, L.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Imeshev, M. M. Fejer, and J.-P. Meyn, Opt. Lett. 26, 614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goryachkina, E. V.

V. D. Volosov and E. V. Goryachkina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 854 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

Herne, C.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

Jacobson, A.

Joschko, M.

Kanai, T.

Kapteyn, H. C.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Imeshev, M. M. Fejer, and J.-P. Meyn, Opt. Lett. 26, 614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).

Kozma, I. Z.

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Express 23, 3110 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, S37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Le, T.

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, S37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lochbrunner, S.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 29, 210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Express 23, 3110 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Design and calibration of zero-additional-phase SPIDER,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Midorikawa, K.

Misoguti, L.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, M. G.

Murnane, M. M.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nabekawa, Y.

Piel, J.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reiten, M. T.

Richman, B. A.

Riedle, E.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 29, 210 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Express 23, 3110 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ashworth, M. Joschko, M. Woerner, E. Riedle, and T. Elsaesser, Opt. Lett. 20, 2120 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Design and calibration of zero-additional-phase SPIDER,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Rundquist, A.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schenkl, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sekikawa, T.

Sidick, E.

Spielmann, C.

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, S37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spörlein, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, G. Imeshev, M. M. Fejer, and J.-P. Meyn, Opt. Lett. 26, 614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Szabó, G.

G. Szabó and Z. Bor, Appl. Phys. B 50, 51 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Volosov, V. D.

V. D. Volosov and E. V. Goryachkina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 854 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Wilhelm, T.

Woerner, M.

Zhang, T. R.

Zhou, X.

Zinth, W.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (5)

A. Fürbach, T. Le, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 70, S37 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, Appl. Phys. B 71, 457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Szabó and Z. Bor, Appl. Phys. B 50, 51 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. B 75, 427 (2002).

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, S219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Opt. Express 23, 3110 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 324 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (9)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. D. Volosov and E. V. Goryachkina, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 6, 854 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Design and calibration of zero-additional-phase SPIDER,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Achromatic SHG scheme. Solid beam, low-frequency components; dashed beam, high-frequency components. (b) Calculated optimal phase-matching angle of β-barium borate (BBO, internal; dashed curve) and effective angular dispersion of the experimental setup inside the BBO crystal (solid curve). (c) Residual phase mismatch of the setup with an L=360 µm BBO crystal (solid curve) and a grating-based setup (dotted curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: λ/2, achromatic half-wave plate; P1, P2, fused-silica prisms; P3–P5, CaF2 prisms; OAPs, off-axis parabolic mirrors; PC, personal computer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) NOPA spectrum and (b) UV spectrum generated by achromatic frequency doubling.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Spectra of tunable UV pulses with their widths and Fourier limits (FL). (b) Spectrum, (c) spectral phase with (solid curve) and without (dotted curve) correction by the DM, and (d) temporal shape of a 7.1-fs pulse at 290 nm.

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