Abstract

A continuous wavelength-swept fiber ring laser with a lithium niobate waveguide electro-optic polarization controller in an intracavity fiber Sagnac loop is experimentally demonstrated. Composite fiber Sagnac loop filters are cascaded to demonstrate discrete wavelength switching of a single-wavelength fiber ring laser. Stable single-longitudinal-mode operation is achieved by use of a Sagnac loop saturable-absorber filter.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 15, 879 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. M. S. Oh, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 266 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. E. Bouma, Opt. Express 11, 2953 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, L. He, and B. K. A. Ngoi, Opt. Eng. 41, 2783 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. N. J. C. Libatique, L. Wang, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 10, 1053 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Fang, H. Ji, L. Pelz, K. Demarest, and C. Allen, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2166 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. X. Dong, N. Q. Ngo, P. Shum, H. Y. Tam, and X. Dong, Opt. Express 11, 1689 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

M. S. Oh, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 266 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. E. Bouma, Opt. Express 11, 2953 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185 (2003).
[Crossref]

X. Dong, N. Q. Ngo, P. Shum, H. Y. Tam, and X. Dong, Opt. Express 11, 1689 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, L. He, and B. K. A. Ngoi, Opt. Eng. 41, 2783 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. J. C. Libatique, L. Wang, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 10, 1053 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[Crossref]

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

X. Fang, H. Ji, L. Pelz, K. Demarest, and C. Allen, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2166 (1997).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

Allen, C.

X. Fang, H. Ji, L. Pelz, K. Demarest, and C. Allen, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Babin, F.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bouma, B. E.

Chen, H.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y.

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
[Crossref]

de Boer, J. F.

Demarest, K.

X. Fang, H. Ji, L. Pelz, K. Demarest, and C. Allen, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Dong, X.

Fang, X.

X. Fang, H. Ji, L. Pelz, K. Demarest, and C. Allen, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Guiyun, K.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Han, Y. G.

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
[Crossref]

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

He, L.

Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, L. He, and B. K. A. Ngoi, Opt. Eng. 41, 2783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Iftimia, N.

Jain, R. K.

N. J. C. Libatique, L. Wang, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 10, 1053 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[Crossref]

Ji, H.

X. Fang, H. Ji, L. Pelz, K. Demarest, and C. Allen, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kang, J. U.

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. Y.

M. S. Oh, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 266 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 15, 879 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, C. S.

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
[Crossref]

Leblanc, M.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185 (2003).
[Crossref]

Libatique, N. J. C.

N. J. C. Libatique, L. Wang, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 10, 1053 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[Crossref]

Ngo, N. Q.

Ngoi, B. K. A.

Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, L. He, and B. K. A. Ngoi, Opt. Eng. 41, 2783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Oh, M. S.

M. S. Oh, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 266 (2003).
[Crossref]

Park, H. S.

M. S. Oh, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 266 (2003).
[Crossref]

Peak, U. C.

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pelz, L.

X. Fang, H. Ji, L. Pelz, K. Demarest, and C. Allen, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Qida, Z.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schinn, G. W.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shiquan, Y.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

Shuzhong, Y.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sova, R. M.

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stradubov, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tam, H. Y.

Tearney, G. J.

Tjin, S. C.

Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, L. He, and B. K. A. Ngoi, Opt. Eng. 41, 2783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

N. J. C. Libatique, L. Wang, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 10, 1053 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, L. He, and B. K. A. Ngoi, Opt. Eng. 41, 2783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wysocki, P. F.

Xiaoyi, D.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yun, S. H.

Zhaohui, L.

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

M. S. Oh, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 266 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Stradubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Shiquan, L. Zhaohui, D. Xiaoyi, Y. Shuzhong, K. Guiyun, and Z. Qida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 774 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Peak, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

X. Fang, H. Ji, L. Pelz, K. Demarest, and C. Allen, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2166 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y. Wang, S. C. Tjin, L. He, and B. K. A. Ngoi, Opt. Eng. 41, 2783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic setup of the wavelength-swept laser. (b) Tuning characteristics of a Sagnac loop envelope filter of Δλ=32 nm when the phase difference is changed by an applied voltage signal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Lasing spectra when the voltage applied to the electro-optic polarization controller is manually set at 1, 2, and 7 V. Inset, signal spectrum of self-homodyne measurement. (b) Peak-hold (persistence mode) spectrum of the lasing modes when a 10-kHz triangular waveform is applied to the laser. Inset, applied 3-kHz triangular waveform (top) and photodetected laser signal display on the oscilloscope (bottom). GND, ground signal level.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Configuration of the first-order channel filter and the second-order comb filter for the wavelength-switching laser. (b) Calculated spectra of two fiber Sagnac loop filters: the second-order Sagnac–Lyot loop comb filter of period Δλ=0.8 nm and the first-order Sagnac loop channel filter of period Δλ=3.2 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measurements of the superposed transmission spectrum of cascaded Sagnac loop filters and a corresponding lasing spectrum. (b) Measurements of single-longitudinal-mode lasing spectra for various modulation voltages.

Equations (1)

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Tϕ=sin2πλΔnL+ϕV2,

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