Abstract

A photonic crystal waveguide splitter that exhibits ultralow-loss 3-dB splitting for TE-polarized light is fabricated in silicon-on-insulator material by use of deep UV lithography. The high performance is achieved by use of a Y junction, which is designed to ensure single-mode operation, and low-loss 60° bends. Zero-loss 3-dB output is experimentally obtained in the range 1560–1585 nm. Results from three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain modeling with no adjustable parameters are found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental results.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2004 (1)

2003 (5)

R. Wilson, T. J. Karle, I. Moerman, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. A 5, S76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. X. Zhuang, M. Kristensen, and H. M. H. Chong, Opt. Express 11, 1757 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Thorhauge, L. H. Frandsen, and P. I. Borel, Opt. Lett. 28, 1525 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (5)

2000 (2)

A. J. Ward and J. B. Pendry, Comput. Phys. Commun. 128, 590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
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1987 (2)

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arentoft, J.

Asakawa, K.

Asano, T.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. F. J. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beckx, S.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. F. J. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. F. J. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. F. J. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Borel, P. I.

Boscolo, S.

Bur, J.

Carlsson, N.

Charlton, M. D. B.

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chong, H. M. H.

Chow, E.

Cox, S. J.

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Frandsen, L. H.

Harpøth, A.

Ikeda, N.

Inoue, K.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

John, S.

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. G.

Karle, T. J.

R. Wilson, T. J. Karle, I. Moerman, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. A 5, S76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, N.

Kemhadjian, H.

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

R. Wilson, T. J. Karle, I. Moerman, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. A 5, S76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and T. F. Krauss, Opt. Lett. 27, 1001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, M.

Lavrinenko, A.

Lin, S. Y.

Luyssaert, B.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luyssaert, B. F. J.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. F. J. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Midrio, M.

Moerman, I.

R. Wilson, T. J. Karle, I. Moerman, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. A 5, S76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Netti, M. C.

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Niemi, T.

Noda, S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Parker, G. J.

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

A. J. Ward and J. B. Pendry, Comput. Phys. Commun. 128, 590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Søndergaard, T.

Song, B.-S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

Taillaert, D.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. F. J. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thorhauge, M.

Van Campenhout, J.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ward, A. J.

A. J. Ward and J. B. Pendry, Comput. Phys. Commun. 128, 590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wiaux, V.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. F. J. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, R.

R. Wilson, T. J. Karle, I. Moerman, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. A 5, S76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wouters, J.

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhuang, Y. X.

Zoorob, M. E.

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Phys. Commun. (1)

A. J. Ward and J. B. Pendry, Comput. Phys. Commun. 128, 590 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. F. J. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. A (1)

R. Wilson, T. J. Karle, I. Moerman, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. A 5, S76 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, G. J. Parker, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, S. J. Cox, and H. Kemhadjian, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 74, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, P. Dumon, D. Taillaert, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, B. Luyssaert, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, Proc. SPIE 5225, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Scanning electron micrograph of the fabricated structure containing the novel 60° bends. Also shown is an enlargement of one of the bends. The diameter of the large holes is D=0.77Λ. (b) Measured (gray curves) and calculated (black curves) loss per bend for the fabricated structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Scanning electron micrograph of the fabricated PhCW splitter. Insets, enlargements of the Y junction and the 60° bend. The diameters of the airholes are d=0.57Λ nm and D=0.77Λ for the normal and large holes, respectively, with a lattice constant of Λ=435 nm. (b) Measured spectra for TE-polarized light output (light and dark gray curves) of the fabricated PhC Y splitter. Three-dimensional FDTD spectrum (black curve) calculated with no adjustable parameters.

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