Abstract

The temporal evolution of refractive-index change produced by a tightly focused femtosecond (fs) laser pulse inside a soda-lime glass plate was investigated by use of a transient lens method with subpicosecond time resolution. An oscillating behavior of the light intensity in the central region of the probe beam was observed 0–1500 ps after irradiation of the plate. The oscillation was interpreted in terms of a rapid temperature increase and the ensuing propagation of the pressure wave. This study is to our knowledge the first real-time observation of refractive-index change inside a glass induced by a fs laser pulse.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2003 (5)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, Appl. Phys. A 76, 367 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Cho, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 755 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Ivanov and L. V. Zhigilei, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

A. Polian, D. V-Thanh, and P. Richet, Europhys. Lett. 57, 375 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Duffy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 297, 275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Streltsov and N. F. Borrelli, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2496 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 191, 333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

C. Z. Tan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

1995 (2)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Terazima, Opt. Lett. 20, 25 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

N. Bloenbergen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 375 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

Bloenbergen, N.

N. Bloenbergen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 375 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

Callan, J. P.

Chan, J. W.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, Appl. Phys. A 76, 367 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-H.

S.-H. Cho, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 755 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D’Oliveira, P.

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Daguzan, Ph.

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. M.

Duffy, J. A.

J. A. Duffy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 297, 275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finlay, R. J.

Franco, M.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 191, 333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, J. F.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Glezer, E. N.

Guizard, S.

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hara, T.

T. Hara, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 10194 (1996).

Her, T.-H.

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirota, N.

T. Hara, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 10194 (1996).

Hu, C.

Huang, L.

Huser, T. R.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, Appl. Phys. A 76, 367 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, D. S.

D. S. Ivanov and L. V. Zhigilei, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, Appl. Phys. A 76, 367 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kumagai, H.

S.-H. Cho, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 755 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, P.

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Meynadier, P.

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

S.-H. Cho, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 755 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Milosavljevic, M.

Misawa, H.

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Mizeikis, V.

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 191, 333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Perdrix, M.

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petite, G.

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Polian, A.

A. Polian, D. V-Thanh, and P. Richet, Europhys. Lett. 57, 375 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 191, 333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Richet, P.

A. Polian, D. V-Thanh, and P. Richet, Europhys. Lett. 57, 375 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Risbud, S. H.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, Appl. Phys. A 76, 367 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaffer, C. B.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Streltsov, A. M.

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sudrie, L.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 191, 333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Sun, H.-B.

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tan, C. Z.

C. Z. Tan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Terazima, M.

T. Hara, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 10194 (1996).

M. Terazima, Opt. Lett. 20, 25 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V-Thanh, D.

A. Polian, D. V-Thanh, and P. Richet, Europhys. Lett. 57, 375 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Whinnery, J. R.

Xu, Y.

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.-Y.

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhigilei, L. V.

D. S. Ivanov and L. V. Zhigilei, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (3)

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, Appl. Phys. A 76, 367 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Cho, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 755 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H.-B. Sun, V. Mizeikis, Y. Xu, S. Juodkazis, J.-Y. Ye, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

A. Polian, D. V-Thanh, and P. Richet, Europhys. Lett. 57, 375 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Bloenbergen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 375 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

C. Z. Tan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Duffy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 297, 275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

T. Hara, N. Hirota, and M. Terazima, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 10194 (1996).

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 191, 333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

P. Martin, S. Guizard, Ph. Daguzan, G. Petite, P. D’Oliveira, P. Meynadier, and M. Perdrix, Phys. Rev. B 55, 5799 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Ivanov and L. V. Zhigilei, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the TrL. TrL represents the refractive-index distribution created in the focal volume of the pump beam. The solid and broken lines depict the probe beam paths without and with TrL, respectively. The difference between (I) and (II) is the relative position between the TrL and the probe beam waist. (b) Experimental setup for observation of the refractive-index distribution inside a silicate glass: L1, L2, and L3, lenses with focal length 30, 150, and 2000 mm, respectively; OL, 20× microscope objective lens; P, pinhole; HS, harmonic separator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Probe beam profiles at various time delays.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plots of the intensity at the center of the probe beam versus time delay measured (a) without and (b) with the additional lens [L3 in Fig. 1(b)]. The focal point of the probe beam in (a) is slightly shifted to the light incidence direction by 100 µm compared with that in (b).

Equations (1)

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δn=δnOKE+δnCB+δntrap+δnth,

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