Abstract

A new scheme is described for the generation of pulsed squeezed light by use of femtosecond pulses that have been parametrically deamplified through a single pass in a thin (100µm) potassium niobate crystal with a significant deamplification of -3 dB. The quantum noise of each pulse is registered in the time domain by single-shot homodyne detection operated with femtosecond pulses; the best squeezed quadrature variance was 1.87 dB below the shot-noise level. Such a scheme provides a basic resource for time-resolved quantum communication protocols.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2003 (1)

F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N. J. Cerf, and Ph. Grangier, Nature 421, 238 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

D. Guzan, Y. Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Opt. Commun. 180, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

E. M. Daly, A. S. Bell, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, A. M. Kan’an, and D. E. Leaird, Opt. Lett. 23, 1441 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

R. G. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, Phys. Rev. B 43, 71 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Laporta and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. Kumar, O. Aytur, and J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aichele, T.

Anderson, M. E.

Aytur, O.

P. Kumar, O. Aytur, and J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beck, M.

M. E. Anderson, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and J. D. Bierlein, Opt. Lett. 20, 620 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bell, A. S.

E. M. Daly, A. S. Bell, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bergeson, S. D.

Bierlein, J. D.

Braunstein, S. L.

S. L. Braunstein and A. K. Pati, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Brouri, R.

F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N. J. Cerf, and Ph. Grangier, Nature 421, 238 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cerf, N. J.

F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N. J. Cerf, and Ph. Grangier, Nature 421, 238 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daly, E. M.

E. M. Daly, A. S. Bell, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Faridani, A.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fay, W.

R. G. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, Phys. Rev. B 43, 71 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

E. M. Daly, A. S. Bell, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grangier, Ph.

F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N. J. Cerf, and Ph. Grangier, Nature 421, 238 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grosshans, F.

F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N. J. Cerf, and Ph. Grangier, Nature 421, 238 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guzan, D.

D. Guzan, Y. Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Opt. Commun. 180, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, H.

Hettich, C.

Huang, J.

P. Kumar, O. Aytur, and J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jani, M. G.

R. G. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, Phys. Rev. B 43, 71 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jassemnejad, B.

R. G. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, Phys. Rev. B 43, 71 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kan’an, A. M.

Kim, C.

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

Kumar, P.

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kumar, O. Aytur, and J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laporta, A.

A. Laporta and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leaird, D. E.

Li, Y. Q.

D. Guzan, Y. Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Opt. Commun. 180, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lodahl, P.

Ludlow, A. D.

Lvovsky, A. I.

Mabuchi, H.

Mizell, G. J.

R. G. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, Phys. Rev. B 43, 71 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

Nelson, H. M.

Pati, A. K.

S. L. Braunstein and A. K. Pati, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

Potasek, M. J.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Powell, R. C.

R. G. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, Phys. Rev. B 43, 71 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

M. E. Anderson, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and J. D. Bierlein, Opt. Lett. 20, 620 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reeves, R. G.

R. G. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, Phys. Rev. B 43, 71 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Riis, E.

E. M. Daly, A. S. Bell, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

Slusher, R. E.

A. Laporta and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smithey, D. T.

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Assche, G.

F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N. J. Cerf, and Ph. Grangier, Nature 421, 238 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiner, A. M.

Wenger, J.

F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N. J. Cerf, and Ph. Grangier, Nature 421, 238 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, M.

D. Guzan, Y. Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Opt. Commun. 180, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yurke, B.

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (1)

F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N. J. Cerf, and Ph. Grangier, Nature 421, 238 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Guzan, Y. Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Opt. Commun. 180, 367 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. Laporta and R. E. Slusher, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2013 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Daly, A. S. Bell, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. G. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, Phys. Rev. B 43, 71 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

D. T. Smithey, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and A. Faridani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1244 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Slusher, P. Grangier, A. LaPorta, B. Yurke, and M. J. Potasek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2566 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kumar, O. Aytur, and J. Huang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1015 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kim and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1605 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. L. Braunstein and A. K. Pati, Quantum Information with Continuous Variables (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: PBSs, polarizing beam splitters; PZTs, piezoelectric transducers; SHG, second-harmonic generation; DOPA, degenerate optical parametric amplifier; R, beam spliter’s reflectvity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) SHG efficiency versus average input power for inside crystal waists of 8 µm (open diamonds) and 16 µm (filled diamonds). (b) SHG efficiency when the beam waist is shifted from the crystal center (defocusing) for an input power of 50 mW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Parametric gain versus average pump power at 423 nm. Filled circles and filled diamonds, deamplification and amplification, respectively; open circles, the inverse of the deamplification gain. Solid curve, fit according to plane-wave theory.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Squeezed vacuum homodyne measurements in the time domain. (a) Noise variance (plotted on a linear scale and computed over blocks of 2500 samples) while the LO phase is linearly scanned, together with the SNL and the electronic noise level. (b) Corresponding recorded noise pulses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured and theoretical pulse distributions for the antisqueezed and the squeezed quadratures. The squeezed quadrature variance is 1.87 dB below the SNL; the amplified quadrature variance lies 3.32 dB above the SNL.

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