Abstract

We present the first experimental observation of spatially incoherent elliptic solitons. We use partially spatially incoherent light with anisotropic correlation statistics and observe elliptic solitons supported by the photorefractive screening nonlinearity.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Trillo and W. Torruellas, eds., Spatial Solitons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. E. Bjorkholm and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 129 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. Crosignani and P. Di Porto, Opt. Lett. 18, 1394 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Mitchell, Opt. Lett. 22, 16 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Tikhonenko, Opt. Lett. 23, 594 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Mitchell, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 490 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Mitchell and M. Segev, Nature 387, 880 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 280, 889 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 646 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. N. Christodoulides, E. Eugenieva, T. Coskun, M. Segev, and M. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. E 63, R35601 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Segev and D. N. Christodoulides, in Spatial Solitons, S. Trillo and W. Torruellas, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
  19. D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2310 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. D. Eugenieva, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 25, 972 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. Krolikowski, D. Edmundson, and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 61, 3122 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  26. N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. Gatz and J. Herrmann, Opt. Lett. 23, 1176 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Eugenieva, T. Coskun, M. Segev, and M. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. E 63, R35601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

E. D. Eugenieva, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 25, 972 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, D. Edmundson, and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 61, 3122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (4)

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Tikhonenko, Opt. Lett. 23, 594 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 280, 889 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gatz and J. Herrmann, Opt. Lett. 23, 1176 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

M. Mitchell and M. Segev, Nature 387, 880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Mitchell, Opt. Lett. 22, 16 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (5)

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mitchell, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 490 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

B. Crosignani and P. Di Porto, Opt. Lett. 18, 1394 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

J. E. Bjorkholm and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 129 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

J. E. Bjorkholm and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 129 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

W. Krolikowski, D. Edmundson, and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 61, 3122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 129 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Buljan, H.

H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carvalho, M. I.

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 280, 889 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mitchell, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 490 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christodoulides, D. N.

H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Eugenieva, T. Coskun, M. Segev, and M. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. E 63, R35601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Eugenieva, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 25, 972 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 280, 889 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev and D. N. Christodoulides, in Spatial Solitons, S. Trillo and W. Torruellas, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).

Christou, J.

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coskun, T.

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Eugenieva, T. Coskun, M. Segev, and M. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. E 63, R35601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 280, 889 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coskun, T. H.

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Crosignani, B.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Crosignani and P. Di Porto, Opt. Lett. 18, 1394 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Porto, P.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Crosignani and P. Di Porto, Opt. Lett. 18, 1394 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duree, G. C.

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edmundson, D.

W. Krolikowski, D. Edmundson, and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 61, 3122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eugenieva, E.

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Eugenieva, T. Coskun, M. Segev, and M. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. E 63, R35601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eugenieva, E. D.

Garrett, M. H.

Gatz, S.

Hagan, D. J.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

Klein, M.

N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Korneev, N.

N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

W. Krolikowski, D. Edmundson, and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 61, 3122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leach, P.

Luther-Davies, B.

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquez Aguilar, P. A.

N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitchell, J. D.

Mitchell, M.

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Eugenieva, T. Coskun, M. Segev, and M. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. E 63, R35601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 280, 889 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell and M. Segev, Nature 387, 880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 490 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salamo, G.

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sánchez Mondragón, J. J.

N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, T.

H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Eugenieva, T. Coskun, M. Segev, and M. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. E 63, R35601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Eugenieva, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 25, 972 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 280, 889 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell and M. Segev, Nature 387, 880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 490 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev and D. N. Christodoulides, in Spatial Solitons, S. Trillo and W. Torruellas, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).

Sharp, E.

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, M.

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mitchell, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 490 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shultz, J. L.

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siber, A.

H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, A. W.

Soljacic, M.

H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepanov, S.

N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tikhonenko, V.

V. Tikhonenko, Opt. Lett. 23, 594 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torner, L.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torruellas, W. E.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valley, G. C.

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wechsler, B.

N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

N. Korneev, P. A. Marquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (1)

M. Mitchell and M. Segev, Nature 387, 880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. E (3)

W. Krolikowski, D. Edmundson, and O. Bang, Phys. Rev. E 61, 3122 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Buljan, A. Siber, M. Soljacic, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Eugenieva, T. Coskun, M. Segev, and M. Mitchell, Phys. Rev. E 63, R35601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 646 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4990 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
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M. Mitchell, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 490 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Bjorkholm and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 129 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, E. Sharp, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Christodoulides, T. H. Coskun, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. Coskun, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 280, 889 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. Segev and D. N. Christodoulides, in Spatial Solitons, S. Trillo and W. Torruellas, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).

S. Trillo and W. Torruellas, eds., Spatial Solitons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Note that each cylindrical lens has a superscript that signifies its focusing direction; e.g. cylindrical lens f1x has focal length f1 in the x direction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Free-space diffraction of an elliptic beam. A coherent elliptic beam with input intensity structure (a) exhibits an elliptic far field rotated by 90° after 5-mm free-space diffraction (b). An elliptic incoherent beam with anisotropic correlation statistics and the input intensity structure of (a) exhibits a circular far field after propagating the same distance (c).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Propagation of the elliptic incoherent beam with anisotropic correlation statistics in a 6-mm-long nonlinear crystal. Photographs of the input and output beams are shown. Input beam (a) forms an elliptic soliton (b) at 1.1 kV/cm. For comparison, if the nonlinearity is set to zero, the same input beam exhibits an almost ideally circular diffraction (c). In (d)–(f) the experiment of (a)–(c) is repeated but with the beam rotated by 90° with respect to the applied field, proving that the elliptic incoherent solitons do not arise from the small residual anisotropy associated with the screening nonlinearity. The directions of the applied field in (b) and (e) are indicated by arrows.

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