Abstract

A nanometric source of second-harmonic (SH) light with unprecedented efficiency is demonstrated; it exploits the grazing-incidence illumination of a metal tip, which is conventionally used for atomic force microscopy, by 25-fs laser pulses of a high-energy Ti:sapphire oscillator. Tip scanning around the beam focus shows that the SH generation is strongly localized at its apex. The polarization dependence of the SH light complies with the model of an on-axis nonlinear oscillating dipole.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651 (1984).
  2. C. L. Jahncke, M. A. Paesler, and H. D. Hallen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2483 (1995).
  3. B. A. Nechay, U. Siegner, M. Achermann, H. Bielefeldt, and U. Keller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2758 (1999).
  4. T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).
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  6. R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000).
  7. H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1469 (1998).
  8. M. Labardi, S. Patanè, and M. Allegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 621 (2000).
  9. J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).
  10. Y. Inouye and S. Kawata, Opt. Lett. 19, 159 (1994).
  11. A. V. Zayats and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 94 (2000).
  12. A. V. Zayats, T. Kalbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4545 (2000).
  13. S. Takahashi and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3479 (2002).
  14. A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 013903 (2003).
  15. Y. Kawata, C. Xu, and W. Denk, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 1294 (1999).
  16. A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/U.S.), Vol. 39 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

2003

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 013903 (2003).

2002

S. Takahashi and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3479 (2002).

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

2000

M. Labardi, S. Patanè, and M. Allegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 621 (2000).

J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).

A. V. Zayats and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 94 (2000).

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4545 (2000).

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000).

1999

B. A. Nechay, U. Siegner, M. Achermann, H. Bielefeldt, and U. Keller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2758 (1999).

Y. Kawata, C. Xu, and W. Denk, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 1294 (1999).

1998

H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1469 (1998).

1995

C. L. Jahncke, M. A. Paesler, and H. D. Hallen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2483 (1995).

1994

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O'Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994).

Y. Inouye and S. Kawata, Opt. Lett. 19, 159 (1994).

1984

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651 (1984).

Achermann, M.

B. A. Nechay, U. Siegner, M. Achermann, H. Bielefeldt, and U. Keller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2758 (1999).

Allegrini, M.

M. Labardi, S. Patanè, and M. Allegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 621 (2000).

Axt, V. M.

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

Beversluis, M.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 013903 (2003).

Bielefeldt, H.

B. A. Nechay, U. Siegner, M. Achermann, H. Bielefeldt, and U. Keller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2758 (1999).

Bouhelier, A.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 013903 (2003).

Denk, W.

Y. Kawata, C. Xu, and W. Denk, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 1294 (1999).

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651 (1984).

Elsaesser, T.

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

Eshlaghi, S.

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

Gallagher, A.

H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1469 (1998).

Glanemann, M.

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

Guenther, T.

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

Hallen, H. D.

C. L. Jahncke, M. A. Paesler, and H. D. Hallen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2483 (1995).

Hamann, H. F.

H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1469 (1998).

Hartschuh, A.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 013903 (2003).

Hettich, C.

J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).

Hillenbrand, R.

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000).

Inouye, Y.

Jahncke, C. L.

C. L. Jahncke, M. A. Paesler, and H. D. Hallen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2483 (1995).

Kalbrenner, T.

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4545 (2000).

Kapteyn, H. C.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/U.S.), Vol. 39 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Kawata, S.

Kawata, Y.

Y. Kawata, C. Xu, and W. Denk, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 1294 (1999).

Keilmann, F.

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000).

Keller, U.

B. A. Nechay, U. Siegner, M. Achermann, H. Bielefeldt, and U. Keller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2758 (1999).

Kuhn, T.

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

Labardi, M.

M. Labardi, S. Patanè, and M. Allegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 621 (2000).

Lanz, M.

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651 (1984).

Libertun, A. R.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/U.S.), Vol. 39 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Lienau, Ch.

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

Michaelis, J.

J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).

Mlynek, J.

J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4545 (2000).

Murnane, M. M.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/U.S.), Vol. 39 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Nechay, B. A.

B. A. Nechay, U. Siegner, M. Achermann, H. Bielefeldt, and U. Keller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2758 (1999).

Nesbitt, D. J.

H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1469 (1998).

Novotny, L.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 013903 (2003).

O'Boyle, M. P.

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O'Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994).

Paesler, M. A.

C. L. Jahncke, M. A. Paesler, and H. D. Hallen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2483 (1995).

Patanè, S.

M. Labardi, S. Patanè, and M. Allegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 621 (2000).

Pohl, D. W.

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651 (1984).

Sandoghdar, V.

J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4545 (2000).

A. V. Zayats and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 94 (2000).

Shelton, R.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/U.S.), Vol. 39 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Siegner, U.

B. A. Nechay, U. Siegner, M. Achermann, H. Bielefeldt, and U. Keller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2758 (1999).

Takahashi, S.

S. Takahashi and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3479 (2002).

Wickramasinghe, H. K.

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O'Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994).

Wieck, A. D.

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

Xu, C.

Y. Kawata, C. Xu, and W. Denk, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 1294 (1999).

Zayats, A. V.

S. Takahashi and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3479 (2002).

A. V. Zayats and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 94 (2000).

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4545 (2000).

Zenhausern, F.

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O'Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Labardi, S. Patanè, and M. Allegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 621 (2000).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. F. Hamann, A. Gallagher, and D. J. Nesbitt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1469 (1998).

D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, and M. Lanz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651 (1984).

C. L. Jahncke, M. A. Paesler, and H. D. Hallen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2483 (1995).

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O'Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994).

S. Takahashi and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3479 (2002).

J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Kawata, C. Xu, and W. Denk, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 1294 (1999).

J. Microsc.

A. V. Zayats and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 94 (2000).

Nature

J. Michaelis, C. Hettich, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, Nature 405, 325 (2000).

Opt. Lett.

OSA Technical Digest Series

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/U.S.), Vol. 39 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CThR3.

Phys. Rev. B

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. B 61, 4545 (2000).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 013903 (2003).

T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Glanemann, V. M. Axt, T. Kuhn, S. Eshlaghi, and A. D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057401 (2002).

R. Hillenbrand and F. Keilmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

B. A. Nechay, U. Siegner, M. Achermann, H. Bielefeldt, and U. Keller, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2758 (1999).

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