Abstract

Bacteriorhodopsin (bR) is a reversible photochromic protein that can be used as a holographic medium. The dichroic absorption of the bR molecule is polarization dependent, thereby allowing for the recording of polarization holograms. The properties of polarization holograms can be used to multiplex two independent images in a single bR film. A new technique and associated polarization-multiplexing scheme are demonstrated that allow for simultaneous readout of two orthogonally polarized images while achieving a high normalized diffraction efficiency for each of the individual images.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. M. Burykin, E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, and V. B. Taranenko, Opt. Commun. 54, 68 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Sh. D. Kakichashvili, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 33, 171 (1972).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Okada-Shudo, J. M. Jonathan, and G. Roosen, Opt. Eng. 41, 2803 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Y. Korchemska and M. S. Soskin, Opt. Eng. 33, 3456 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. D. Koek, V. S. S. Chan, N. Bhattacharya, J. J. M. Braat, and J. Westerweel, presented at the International Workshop on Holographic Metrology in Fluid Mechanics, Loughborough, UK, May 28–30, 2003.
  8. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, K. Stoyanova, and N. Tomova, Appl. Opt. 24, 785 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, N. Kukhtarev, and A. E. T. Chiou, Opt. Eng. 42, 9 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Munich Innovative Biomaterials (MIB) GmbH, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse, Gebaude J, Marburg D-35032, Germany.
  11. R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 809 (1978).
  12. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968).

2003 (1)

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, N. Kukhtarev, and A. E. T. Chiou, Opt. Eng. 42, 9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Y. Okada-Shudo, J. M. Jonathan, and G. Roosen, Opt. Eng. 41, 2803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. Y. Korchemska and M. S. Soskin, Opt. Eng. 33, 3456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1985 (2)

N. M. Burykin, E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, and V. B. Taranenko, Opt. Commun. 54, 68 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, K. Stoyanova, and N. Tomova, Appl. Opt. 24, 785 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, Opt. Acta 31, 579 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1972 (1)

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 33, 171 (1972).

Bhattacharya, N.

W. D. Koek, V. S. S. Chan, N. Bhattacharya, J. J. M. Braat, and J. Westerweel, presented at the International Workshop on Holographic Metrology in Fluid Mechanics, Loughborough, UK, May 28–30, 2003.

Braat, J. J. M.

W. D. Koek, V. S. S. Chan, N. Bhattacharya, J. J. M. Braat, and J. Westerweel, presented at the International Workshop on Holographic Metrology in Fluid Mechanics, Loughborough, UK, May 28–30, 2003.

Brauchle, C.

Burykin, N. M.

N. M. Burykin, E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, and V. B. Taranenko, Opt. Commun. 54, 68 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chan, V. S. S.

W. D. Koek, V. S. S. Chan, N. Bhattacharya, J. J. M. Braat, and J. Westerweel, presented at the International Workshop on Holographic Metrology in Fluid Mechanics, Loughborough, UK, May 28–30, 2003.

Chiou, A. E. T.

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, N. Kukhtarev, and A. E. T. Chiou, Opt. Eng. 42, 9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968).

Hampp, N.

Jonathan, J. M.

Y. Okada-Shudo, J. M. Jonathan, and G. Roosen, Opt. Eng. 41, 2803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kakichashvili, Sh. D.

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 33, 171 (1972).

Koek, W. D.

W. D. Koek, V. S. S. Chan, N. Bhattacharya, J. J. M. Braat, and J. Westerweel, presented at the International Workshop on Holographic Metrology in Fluid Mechanics, Loughborough, UK, May 28–30, 2003.

Korchemska, E. Y.

E. Y. Korchemska and M. S. Soskin, Opt. Eng. 33, 3456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Korchemskaya, E. Ya.

N. M. Burykin, E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, and V. B. Taranenko, Opt. Commun. 54, 68 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kukhtarev, N.

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, N. Kukhtarev, and A. E. T. Chiou, Opt. Eng. 42, 9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Magnusson, R.

Nikolova, L.

Oesterhelt, D.

Okada-Shudo, Y.

Y. Okada-Shudo, J. M. Jonathan, and G. Roosen, Opt. Eng. 41, 2803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

Y. Okada-Shudo, J. M. Jonathan, and G. Roosen, Opt. Eng. 41, 2803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M. S.

E. Y. Korchemska and M. S. Soskin, Opt. Eng. 33, 3456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Burykin, E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, and V. B. Taranenko, Opt. Commun. 54, 68 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stoyanova, K.

Su, W.-C.

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, N. Kukhtarev, and A. E. T. Chiou, Opt. Eng. 42, 9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.-C.

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, N. Kukhtarev, and A. E. T. Chiou, Opt. Eng. 42, 9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taranenko, V. B.

N. M. Burykin, E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, and V. B. Taranenko, Opt. Commun. 54, 68 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Thoma, R.

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

Westerweel, J.

W. D. Koek, V. S. S. Chan, N. Bhattacharya, J. J. M. Braat, and J. Westerweel, presented at the International Workshop on Holographic Metrology in Fluid Mechanics, Loughborough, UK, May 28–30, 2003.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Acta (1)

L. Nikolova and T. Todorov, Opt. Acta 31, 579 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. M. Burykin, E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, and V. B. Taranenko, Opt. Commun. 54, 68 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (3)

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, N. Kukhtarev, and A. E. T. Chiou, Opt. Eng. 42, 9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okada-Shudo, J. M. Jonathan, and G. Roosen, Opt. Eng. 41, 2803 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Y. Korchemska and M. S. Soskin, Opt. Eng. 33, 3456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 33, 171 (1972).

Other (3)

Munich Innovative Biomaterials (MIB) GmbH, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse, Gebaude J, Marburg D-35032, Germany.

W. D. Koek, V. S. S. Chan, N. Bhattacharya, J. J. M. Braat, and J. Westerweel, presented at the International Workshop on Holographic Metrology in Fluid Mechanics, Loughborough, UK, May 28–30, 2003.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for (a) recording and (b) simultaneous reconstruction of polarization-multiplexed holograms. HW, half-wave plate; GLP, Glan laser polarizer; O, object wave front; R, reference wave front; R1–R3, retardation plates; Ms, mirrors; IM, image mask; L1–L4, lenses; SF, spatial filter; QW, quarter-wave plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simultaneously reconstructed images. The original patterns were located on a binary image mask in metal. Each character is 3 mm high.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Measurements of the Diffracted -1 Order

Equations (1)

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κ1φ=κ1cos2 φ+k1 sin2 φ,

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