Abstract

Simultaneous three-photon excited stimulated emission at (cavityless lasing) 610 nm has been achieved in an organic chromophore solution pumped by 1.5µm ultrashort coherent radiation. The stimulated emission can be observed only in the forward and backward directions and is characterized by its high directionality and spectral narrowing. The divergence angle for the backward stimulated emission is considerably smaller than that for the forward stimulated emission, which resembles optical phase conjugation.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. M. Rentzepis, C. J. Mitschele, and A. C. Saxman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 122 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 1524 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Shim, M. Liu, C. Hwangbo, and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 23, 430 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, and W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2385 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T.-C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, and P. N. Prasad, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. S. He, Y. Cui, M. Yoshida, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 22, 10 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, N. Skribanowitz, and M. S. Feld, in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 379.
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. G. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 547 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 11, 1507 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 12, 578 (1975).

2002 (1)

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T.-C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, and P. N. Prasad, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, Y. Cui, M. Yoshida, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 22, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, and W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

H. G. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 547 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 11, 1507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 12, 578 (1975).

1970 (1)

P. M. Rentzepis, C. J. Mitschele, and A. C. Saxman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 122 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, K. W.

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, and W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bhawalkar, J. D.

Bonifacio, R.

R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 12, 578 (1975).

R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 11, 1507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Cannon, R. S.

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, and W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

G. S. He, Y. Cui, M. Yoshida, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 22, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, and P. N. Prasad, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feld, M. S.

I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, N. Skribanowitz, and M. S. Feld, in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 379.
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, H.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. G.

H. G. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 547 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S. G.

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, and W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T.-C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, Y. Cui, M. Yoshida, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 22, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, and P. N. Prasad, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 1524 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herman, I. P.

I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, N. Skribanowitz, and M. S. Feld, in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 379.
[CrossRef]

Hikspoors, H. M. J.

H. G. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 547 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Humer, W. F.

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, and W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hwangbo, C.

Li, M.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, and P. N. Prasad, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T.-C.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T.-C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

Lugiato, A. L.

R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 11, 1507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 12, 578 (1975).

MacGillivray, J. C.

I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, N. Skribanowitz, and M. S. Feld, in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 379.
[CrossRef]

Markowicz, P. P.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T.-C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitschele, C. J.

P. M. Rentzepis, C. J. Mitschele, and A. C. Saxman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 122 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T.-C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, Y. Cui, M. Yoshida, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 22, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, and P. N. Prasad, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Lett. 20, 1524 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rentzepis, P. M.

P. M. Rentzepis, C. J. Mitschele, and A. C. Saxman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 122 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Saxman, A. C.

P. M. Rentzepis, C. J. Mitschele, and A. C. Saxman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 122 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shim, H.

Skribanowitz, N.

I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, N. Skribanowitz, and M. S. Feld, in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 379.
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

Vrehen, Q. H. F.

H. G. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 547 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

Yuan, L.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, and P. N. Prasad, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. M. Rentzepis, C. J. Mitschele, and A. C. Saxman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 122 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. G. Grubb, K. W. Bennett, R. S. Cannon, and W. F. Humer, Electron. Lett. 28, 1243 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, and P. N. Prasad, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T.-C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, Nature 415, 767 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 11, 1507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. Bonifacio and A. L. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. A 12, 578 (1975).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. G. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 547 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, N. Skribanowitz, and M. S. Feld, in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 379.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Linear absorption curves for solutions of ASPI in DMSO and for pure solvent DMSO. The chemical structure of the solute is shown in the inset.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of 3PA-excited lateral fluorescence, forward stimulated emission, backward stimulated emission, and second-harmonic generation (SHG) of the 1.5µm pump beam.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured temporal profiles: (a) the 1.5µm input pump pulse, the transmitted pump pulse together with the forward stimulated emission pulse, and the backward stimulated emission pulse; and (b) 3PA-induced fluorescence emission at 90°.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

One-dimensional far-field data for the input pump beam and the backward-stimulated emission beam. Thick solid curve, a fitting curve for which a Gaussian distribution with a 0.35-mrad divergence angle is assumed; thin solid curve, result of simple cubic manipulation of the thick solid curve.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output stimulated emission energy as a function of molar concentration of ASPI in DMSO. The dashed curve is the best-fitting curve given by the theoretical model of three-photon pumped stimulated emission.

Equations (3)

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ΔI=I0-Iz=I01-1/1+10-3×2σ3NAd0zI021/2,
EstimΔNΔI.
Estim=a+b1-1/1+Γd0.

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