Abstract

We have obtained 40 dB of internal (on–off) conversion gain and a sub-4-dB noise figure (NF) with a continuous-wave (cw) fiber optical parametric wavelength converter. To our knowledge, this is the lowest NF reported for any cw wavelength converter. We have also investigated the properties of NF versus signal input power and pump power.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
  5. J. L. Blows and S. E. French, Opt. Lett. 27, 491 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. A. Summerfield and R. S. Tucker, Electron. Lett. 31, 1159 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers—Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1999).
  8. S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, presented at the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communications (IOOC, Hong Kong, 1995), pp. 110–111.
  9. K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 911 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. E. Marhic, F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, and L. G. Kazovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 210 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, Electron. Lett. 32, 2336 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. L. Blows and S. E. French, Opt. Lett. 27, 491 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 911 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, Electron. Lett. 32, 2336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. A. Summerfield and R. S. Tucker, Electron. Lett. 31, 1159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Arai, S.

O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aso, O.

O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers—Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1999).

Blows, J. L.

Brener, I.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eskildsen, L.

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, presented at the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communications (IOOC, Hong Kong, 1995), pp. 110–111.

Fejer, M. M.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

French, S. E.

Hansen, P. B.

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, presented at the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communications (IOOC, Hong Kong, 1995), pp. 110–111.

Harel, R.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ho, M. C.

Ishikawa, H.

T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jurz, J. R.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Kazovsky, L. G.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 911 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, and L. G. Kazovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 210 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, Electron. Lett. 32, 2336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Korotky, S. K.

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, presented at the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communications (IOOC, Hong Kong, 1995), pp. 110–111.

Kotaki, Y.

T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuwatsuka, H.

T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 911 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, and L. G. Kazovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 210 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, Electron. Lett. 32, 2336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Matsuda, M.

T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers—Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1999).

Parameswaren, K.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Simoyama, T.

T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers—Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1999).

Summerfield, M. A.

M. A. Summerfield and R. S. Tucker, Electron. Lett. 31, 1159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tadakuma, M.

O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

M. A. Summerfield and R. S. Tucker, Electron. Lett. 31, 1159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Uesaka, K.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 911 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Veselka, J. J.

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, presented at the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communications (IOOC, Hong Kong, 1995), pp. 110–111.

Wong, K. K. Y.

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 911 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Yagi, T.

O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F. S.

M. E. Marhic, F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, and L. G. Kazovsky, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 210 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, Electron. Lett. 32, 2336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, R. Harel, K. Parameswaren, J. R. Jurz, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 36, 1788 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Aso, S. Arai, T. Yagi, M. Tadakuma, Y. Suzuki, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 36, 709 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Summerfield and R. S. Tucker, Electron. Lett. 31, 1159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, Electron. Lett. 32, 2336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 911 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Simoyama, H. Kuwatsuka, B. E. Little, M. Matsuda, Y. Kotaki, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers—Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1999).

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, presented at the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communications (IOOC, Hong Kong, 1995), pp. 110–111.

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” submitted to IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Parametric wavelength converter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Conversion gain spectrum and NF of a two-segment OPA at 600-mW pump power with λp=1565.5 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

NF versus pump power of (a) the amplifier and (b) the wavelength converter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

NF versus signal input power of (a) the amplifier and (b) the wavelength converter.

Equations (2)

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NFs=PASE|shνsΔνGs+1Gs,
NFi=PASE|ihνiΔνGi+1Gi,

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