Abstract

We describe ultrawideband Raman-mediated wavelength conversion. The nonlinear conversion transfer function is calculated analytically and simulated numerically in the cw regime, and the predicted performance is confirmed experimentally. Data conversion from long- to short-wavelength bands with signal reshaping and significant noise reduction are demonstrated experimentally at 10 Gbits/s and modeled by numerical simulations. Q factors and extinction ratios that are both larger than 10 dB are possible over an effective conversion bandwidth of 35 nm.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. De Matos, and J. R. Taylor, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Syskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper OMC4.
  2. T. Sakamoto, S. Aozasa, and M. Shimizu, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), paper 2.2.1.
  3. E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Yusoff, J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, P. C. Teh, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 27, 424 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. P. Agrawal, in Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, London, 1989), pp. 218–226.
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 409 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Hui, M. O’Sullivan, A. Robinson, and M. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1071 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1140 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Hui, M. O’Sullivan, A. Robinson, and M. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1071 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, in Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, London, 1989), pp. 218–226.
[CrossRef]

Aozasa, S.

T. Sakamoto, S. Aozasa, and M. Shimizu, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), paper 2.2.1.

Belardi, W.

Chestnut, D. A.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. De Matos, and J. R. Taylor, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Syskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper OMC4.

Ciaramella, E.

E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Curti, F.

E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142 (2001).
[CrossRef]

De Matos, C. J. S.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. De Matos, and J. R. Taylor, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Syskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper OMC4.

Fludger, C. R. S.

Handerek, V.

Hui, R.

R. Hui, M. O’Sullivan, A. Robinson, and M. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1071 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Mears, R. J.

Monro, T. M.

O’Sullivan, M.

R. Hui, M. O’Sullivan, A. Robinson, and M. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1071 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Perlin, V. E.

Reeves-Hall, P. C.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. De Matos, and J. R. Taylor, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Syskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper OMC4.

Richardson, D. J.

Robinson, A.

R. Hui, M. O’Sullivan, A. Robinson, and M. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1071 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, S. Aozasa, and M. Shimizu, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), paper 2.2.1.

Shimizu, M.

T. Sakamoto, S. Aozasa, and M. Shimizu, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), paper 2.2.1.

Taylor, J. R.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. De Matos, and J. R. Taylor, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Syskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper OMC4.

Taylor, M.

R. Hui, M. O’Sullivan, A. Robinson, and M. Taylor, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1071 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Teh, P. C.

Trillo, S.

E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

Yusoff, Z.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. Ciaramella, F. Curti, and S. Trillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 142 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, in Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, London, 1989), pp. 218–226.
[CrossRef]

P. C. Reeves-Hall, D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. De Matos, and J. R. Taylor, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Syskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper OMC4.

T. Sakamoto, S. Aozasa, and M. Shimizu, in European Conference on Optical Communication (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 2002), paper 2.2.1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the 10-Gbit/s Raman-mediated wavelength converter: TLs, tunable lasers; PCs, polarization controllers; Mod, modulator; OTF, optical tunable filter; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexed; RX, receiver.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

cw depletion transfer function at the Stokes shift wavelength and ER of the converted signal at 1491 nm for a 10-Gbit/s signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a, 10-Gbit/s complimentary input data sequence at 1584 nm; b, converted data sequence at 1491 nm. The histograms represent the noise distributions. Time base, 200 ps/div.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Noise transfer function dependence on the signal power launched into the HNLF for different walk-off levels.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Wavelength dependence of the converted Q factor and ER at 10 Gbits/s.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

PprL=Ppr0exp-αprL-CRPs0Leffs,
Leffs=1-exp-αsLαs
DPs0=PprL/Ppr0exp-αprL=exp-CRPs0Leffs,
σpr=Pp0exp-αprL-CRGPs,inLeffsCRLeffsGσs,

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