Abstract

In wavelength-division-multiplexed communication systems phase jitter is driven by amplifier noise and mediated by cross-phase modulation. The variational method is used to derive formulas for the absolute phase variance of an ensemble of solitons and the relative phase variance of ensembles of neighboring solitons. The predictions of these formulas are consistent with the results of numerical simulations.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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Equations (14)

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