Abstract

A semiclassical implementation of the finite-difference time-domain method is used to simulate coherent linear propagation of ultrashort mid-infrared pulses through optically dense samples of isotropically diluted liquid water. Bloch equations for the density matrix are used as a simple model of the O—H oscillator relaxation, and the algorithm is extended to other response functions. Sensitivity of the field to the form of the response function is demonstrated, and the results are compared with experimentally determined electric fields in the same media [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2227 (2002)].

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. U. van Buerck, Hyperfine Interact. 123/124, 483 (1999).
  2. J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2227 (2002).
  3. M. Bonn, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, Opt. Commun. 147, 138 (1998).
  4. D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).
  5. F. C. Spano and W. S. Warren, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 1546 (1990).
  6. H.-J. Hartmann and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).
  7. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 2000).
  8. M. C. Beard and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 2903 (2001).
  9. O. D. Muecke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kaertner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
  10. R. W. Ziolkowski, J. M. Arnold, and D. M. Cogny, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082 (1995).
  11. H. R. Wyss, and M. Falk, Can. J. Chem. 48, 607 (1970).
  12. J. E. Bertie, M. Khalique Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).
  13. J. A. Gruetzmacher, submitted to J. Chem. Phys.
  14. J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 2341 (2002).
  15. T. Joo, Y. Jia, J.-Y. Yu, M. J. Lang, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6089 (1996).
  16. S. Yeremenko, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. D. Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002), p. 574.
  17. J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, submitted to J. Phys. Chem. A.

2002

J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2227 (2002).

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 2341 (2002).

2001

M. C. Beard and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 2903 (2001).

O. D. Muecke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kaertner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).

1999

U. van Buerck, Hyperfine Interact. 123/124, 483 (1999).

1998

M. Bonn, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, Opt. Commun. 147, 138 (1998).

1996

T. Joo, Y. Jia, J.-Y. Yu, M. J. Lang, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6089 (1996).

1995

R. W. Ziolkowski, J. M. Arnold, and D. M. Cogny, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082 (1995).

1994

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

1990

F. C. Spano and W. S. Warren, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 1546 (1990).

1989

J. E. Bertie, M. Khalique Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

1984

H.-J. Hartmann and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).

1970

H. R. Wyss, and M. Falk, Can. J. Chem. 48, 607 (1970).

Arnold, J. M.

R. W. Ziolkowski, J. M. Arnold, and D. M. Cogny, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082 (1995).

Bakker, H. J.

M. Bonn, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, Opt. Commun. 147, 138 (1998).

Beard, M. C.

M. C. Beard and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 2903 (2001).

Bertie, J. E.

J. E. Bertie, M. Khalique Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

Bonn, M.

M. Bonn, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, Opt. Commun. 147, 138 (1998).

Cogny, D. M.

R. W. Ziolkowski, J. M. Arnold, and D. M. Cogny, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082 (1995).

Damen, T. C.

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

Elsaesser, T.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 2341 (2002).

Eysel, H. H.

J. E. Bertie, M. Khalique Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

Falk, M.

H. R. Wyss, and M. Falk, Can. J. Chem. 48, 607 (1970).

Fleming, G. R.

T. Joo, Y. Jia, J.-Y. Yu, M. J. Lang, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6089 (1996).

Gruetzmacher, J. A.

J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2227 (2002).

J. A. Gruetzmacher, submitted to J. Chem. Phys.

J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, submitted to J. Phys. Chem. A.

Hagness, S. C.

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 2000).

Hamm, P.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 2341 (2002).

Hartmann, H.-J.

H.-J. Hartmann and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).

Jia, Y.

T. Joo, Y. Jia, J.-Y. Yu, M. J. Lang, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6089 (1996).

Joo, T.

T. Joo, Y. Jia, J.-Y. Yu, M. J. Lang, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6089 (1996).

Kaertner, F. X.

O. D. Muecke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kaertner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).

Khalique Ahmed, M.

J. E. Bertie, M. Khalique Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

Kim, D. S.

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

Lang, M. J.

T. Joo, Y. Jia, J.-Y. Yu, M. J. Lang, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6089 (1996).

Laubereau, A.

H.-J. Hartmann and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).

Madsen, D.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 2341 (2002).

Miller, D. A. B.

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

Morgner, U.

O. D. Muecke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kaertner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).

Muecke, O. D.

O. D. Muecke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kaertner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).

Nibbering, E. T. J.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 2341 (2002).

Pfeiffer, L. N.

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

S. Yeremenko, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. D. Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002), p. 574.

Schaeffer, W.

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

Scherer, N. F.

J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2227 (2002).

J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, submitted to J. Phys. Chem. A.

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

M. C. Beard and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 2903 (2001).

Shah, J.

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

Spano, F. C.

F. C. Spano and W. S. Warren, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 1546 (1990).

Stenger, J.

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 2341 (2002).

Taflove, A.

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 2000).

Tritschler, T.

O. D. Muecke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kaertner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).

van Buerck, U.

U. van Buerck, Hyperfine Interact. 123/124, 483 (1999).

Vinattieri, A.

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

Warren, W. S.

F. C. Spano and W. S. Warren, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 1546 (1990).

Wegener, M.

O. D. Muecke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kaertner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).

Wiersma, D. A.

S. Yeremenko, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. D. Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002), p. 574.

Woutersen, S.

M. Bonn, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, Opt. Commun. 147, 138 (1998).

Wyss, H. R.

H. R. Wyss, and M. Falk, Can. J. Chem. 48, 607 (1970).

Yeremenko, S.

S. Yeremenko, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. D. Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002), p. 574.

Yu, J.-Y.

T. Joo, Y. Jia, J.-Y. Yu, M. J. Lang, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6089 (1996).

Ziolkowski, R. W.

R. W. Ziolkowski, J. M. Arnold, and D. M. Cogny, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082 (1995).

Can. J. Chem.

H. R. Wyss, and M. Falk, Can. J. Chem. 48, 607 (1970).

Hyperfine Interact.

U. van Buerck, Hyperfine Interact. 123/124, 483 (1999).

J. Chem. Phys.

F. C. Spano and W. S. Warren, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 1546 (1990).

H.-J. Hartmann and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 4663 (1984).

M. C. Beard and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 2903 (2001).

J. A. Gruetzmacher, submitted to J. Chem. Phys.

T. Joo, Y. Jia, J.-Y. Yu, M. J. Lang, and G. R. Fleming, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6089 (1996).

J. Phys. Chem.

J. E. Bertie, M. Khalique Ahmed, and H. H. Eysel, J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2210 (1989).

J. Phys. Chem. A

J. Stenger, D. Madsen, P. Hamm, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 2341 (2002).

J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, submitted to J. Phys. Chem. A.

Opt. Commun.

M. Bonn, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, Opt. Commun. 147, 138 (1998).

Phys. Rev. A

R. W. Ziolkowski, J. M. Arnold, and D. M. Cogny, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3082 (1995).

Phys. Rev. B

D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A. Vinattieri, W. Schaeffer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 18240 (1994).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

O. D. Muecke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, and F. X. Kaertner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

J. A. Gruetzmacher and N. F. Scherer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2227 (2002).

Other

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 2000).

S. Yeremenko, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. D. Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002), p. 574.

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