Abstract

We have observed grating-based morphological hole burning in Sm2+-doped glass powders at room temperature. When photobleaching on the 4f64f55d transition of Sm2+ is combined with multiple light scattering, holes are produced in frequency and wave-vector domains. The hole profile depends on the amount of light absorption of Sm2+; it sharpens as the absorption decreases. The variation of the hole shape is explained theoretically based on a diffusion approximation.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. M. Soukoulis, ed., Photonic Crystals and Light Localization in the 21st Century (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. H. Cho, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 181 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Tomita, T. Ito, and S. Hattori, Phys. Rev. B 64, 180202 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, J. Lumin. 87–89, 986 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, T. Kushida, T. Sagaisaka, and Y. Yokoyama, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 344, 205 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

D. H. Cho, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 181 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1988 (1)

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, J. Phys. (Paris) 49, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, and F. C. MacKintosh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, and R. Maynard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1471 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (3)

M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Winnacker, R. M. Shelby, and R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Lett. 10, 350 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

Abe, Y.

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Akkermans, E.

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, J. Phys. (Paris) 49, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, and R. Maynard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1471 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrejco, M. J.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, and F. C. MacKintosh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, D. H.

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Cho, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 181 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, D. H. Cho, and N. Soga, Opt. Lett. 18, 1586 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Etemad, S.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, and F. C. MacKintosh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hattori, S.

M. Tomita, T. Ito, and S. Hattori, Phys. Rev. B 64, 180202 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

D. H. Cho, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 181 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, D. H. Cho, and N. Soga, Opt. Lett. 18, 1586 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirata, K.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, J. Lumin. 87–89, 986 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishimaru, A.

Ito, T.

M. Tomita, T. Ito, and S. Hattori, Phys. Rev. B 64, 180202 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Izumitani, T.

John, S.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, and F. C. MacKintosh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanematsu, Y.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, T. Kushida, T. Sagaisaka, and Y. Yokoyama, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 344, 205 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, J. Lumin. 87–89, 986 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuga, Y.

Kurita, A.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, J. Lumin. 87–89, 986 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, T. Kushida, T. Sagaisaka, and Y. Yokoyama, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 344, 205 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, T. Kushida, T. Izumitani, and M. Matsukawa, Opt. Lett. 19, 314 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kushida, T.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, T. Kushida, T. Sagaisaka, and Y. Yokoyama, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 344, 205 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, J. Lumin. 87–89, 986 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, T. Kushida, T. Izumitani, and M. Matsukawa, Opt. Lett. 19, 314 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagendijk, A.

M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macfarlane, R. M.

MacKintosh, F. C.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, and F. C. MacKintosh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maret, G.

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, J. Phys. (Paris) 49, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsukawa, M.

Maynard, R.

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, J. Phys. (Paris) 49, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, and R. Maynard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1471 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nogami, M.

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sagaisaka, T.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, T. Kushida, T. Sagaisaka, and Y. Yokoyama, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 344, 205 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

Soga, N.

D. H. Cho, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 181 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Hirao, S. Todoroki, D. H. Cho, and N. Soga, Opt. Lett. 18, 1586 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thompson, R.

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, and F. C. MacKintosh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Todoroki, S.

Tomita, M.

M. Tomita, T. Ito, and S. Hattori, Phys. Rev. B 64, 180202 (2001).
[CrossRef]

van Albada, M. P.

M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, M.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, J. Lumin. 87–89, 986 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Winnacker, A.

Wolf, P.

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, J. Phys. (Paris) 49, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, and R. Maynard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1471 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokoyama, Y.

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, T. Kushida, T. Sagaisaka, and Y. Yokoyama, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 344, 205 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nogami, Y. Abe, K. Hirao, and D. H. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2952 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, J. Lumin. 87–89, 986 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

D. H. Cho, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 189, 181 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, R. Maynard, and G. Maret, J. Phys. (Paris) 49, 77 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, T. Kushida, T. Sagaisaka, and Y. Yokoyama, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 344, 205 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Tomita, T. Ito, and S. Hattori, Phys. Rev. B 64, 180202 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

S. Etemad, R. Thompson, M. J. Andrejco, S. John, and F. C. MacKintosh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1420 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Akkermans, P. Wolf, and R. Maynard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1471 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kurita, Y. Kanematsu, M. Watanabe, K. Hirata, and T. Kushida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

W. E. Moerner, ed., Persistent Spectral Hole Burning: Science and Applications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, ed., Photonic Crystals and Light Localization in the 21st Century (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Energy levels of Sm2+ in sodium borate glasses. (b) Time evolution of the Sm2+ fluorescence owing to the D50F70 transition near 683 nm under irradiation with 580-nm laser light at 2, 5, and 15 mW. The straight lines correspond to first-order kinetics evaluated from the time derivatives of profiles at zero exposure time.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Backscattered intensity normalized to diffuse background as a function of scattering angle for SM100, SM10-G90, and SM0. Solid curves, theoretical fits from diffusion theory.16,17

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Hole profiles for SM100 and SM10-G90 normalized to hole depths as functions of (a) the frequency of laser light and (b) the incident angle of laser light. The writing wavelength was 580 nm. The solid curves are theoretical curves based on Eq. (1).6

Equations (1)

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CΔν,Δk,z=cosh2γL+z0-z-cos2δL+z0-zcosh2γL+2z0-cos2δL+2z0.

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