Abstract

We describe a superparallel holographic optical correlator that performs two-dimensional spatial and angular multiplexing simultaneously. The key step in this architecture is the use of a holographic multiplexer to split a query image into many copies before it applies them to the holographic database. A holographic demultiplexer, in conjunction with an aperture, is used to identify the location and the angle of the brightest correlation peak. This architecture uses only ON detector elements to search through N unsorted images in a single query. We demonstrate the basic features of this architecture, using three spatial locations with eight angle-multiplexed images in each location.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. W. Goj, Synthetic-Aperture Radar & Electronic Warfare (Artec House, Norwood, Mass., 1992).
  2. D. Stranneby, Digital Signal Processing: DSP and Applications (Oxford U. Press, London, 2001).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. J. L. Sanford, IBM J. Res. Dev. 42, 411 (1998).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
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  16. P. Hemmer, M. S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, in Holography for the New Millenium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2002) pp. 179–189.
    [CrossRef]

2002

A. Bergeron, Proc. SPIE 4734, 65 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

1998

J. L. Sanford, IBM J. Res. Dev. 42, 411 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. W. Burr, F. H. Mok, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 21, 896 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, Yu. Korzinin, I. Semenova, and M. S. Shahriar, Quantum Electron. 26, 11 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

A. V. Pavlov and E. I. Shubnikow, Opt. Memory Neural Netw. 2, 4 (1993).

1988

1964

A. VanderLugt, IEEE Inf. Theory 1, 139 (1964).

Barbastathis, G.

G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, in Holographic Data Storage, H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2000).

Bergeron, A.

A. Bergeron, Proc. SPIE 4734, 65 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bock, M.

M. S. Shahriar, L. Wong, M. Bock, B. Ham, J. Ludman, and P. Hemmer, in Symposium on Electro-Optics: Present and Future, H. A. Haus, ed., Vol. 23 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 97–104.

Brady, D.

Burr, G. W.

Caulfield, H. J.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Hemmer, M. S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, in Holography for the New Millenium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2002) pp. 179–189.
[CrossRef]

Collins, N.

N. Collins, Optical Pattern Recognition Using Holographic Techniques (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1988).

Coufal, H.

Fournier, J.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goj, W. W.

W. W. Goj, Synthetic-Aperture Radar & Electronic Warfare (Artec House, Norwood, Mass., 1992).

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).

Ham, B.

M. S. Shahriar, L. Wong, M. Bock, B. Ham, J. Ludman, and P. Hemmer, in Symposium on Electro-Optics: Present and Future, H. A. Haus, ed., Vol. 23 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 97–104.

Hemmer, P.

M. S. Shahriar, L. Wong, M. Bock, B. Ham, J. Ludman, and P. Hemmer, in Symposium on Electro-Optics: Present and Future, H. A. Haus, ed., Vol. 23 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 97–104.

P. Hemmer, M. S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, in Holography for the New Millenium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2002) pp. 179–189.
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hoffnagle, J.

Jefferson, C.

Jurich, M.

Korzinin, I. Yu.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Korzinin, Yu.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, Yu. Korzinin, I. Semenova, and M. S. Shahriar, Quantum Electron. 26, 11 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ludman, J.

M. S. Shahriar, L. Wong, M. Bock, B. Ham, J. Ludman, and P. Hemmer, in Symposium on Electro-Optics: Present and Future, H. A. Haus, ed., Vol. 23 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 97–104.

P. Hemmer, M. S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, in Holography for the New Millenium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2002) pp. 179–189.
[CrossRef]

Ludman, J. E.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, Yu. Korzinin, I. Semenova, and M. S. Shahriar, Quantum Electron. 26, 11 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R.

Mok, F. H.

Pavlov, A. V.

A. V. Pavlov and E. I. Shubnikow, Opt. Memory Neural Netw. 2, 4 (1993).

Psaltis, D.

G. W. Burr, F. H. Mok, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 21, 896 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, and K. Wagner, Appl. Opt. 27, 1752 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, in Holographic Data Storage, H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2000).

Reinhand, N.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, Yu. Korzinin, I. Semenova, and M. S. Shahriar, Quantum Electron. 26, 11 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Riccobono, J.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, Yu. Korzinin, I. Semenova, and M. S. Shahriar, Quantum Electron. 26, 11 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sanford, J. L.

J. L. Sanford, IBM J. Res. Dev. 42, 411 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Semenova, I.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, Yu. Korzinin, I. Semenova, and M. S. Shahriar, Quantum Electron. 26, 11 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shahriar, M. S.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, Yu. Korzinin, I. Semenova, and M. S. Shahriar, Quantum Electron. 26, 11 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Shahriar, L. Wong, M. Bock, B. Ham, J. Ludman, and P. Hemmer, in Symposium on Electro-Optics: Present and Future, H. A. Haus, ed., Vol. 23 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 97–104.

P. Hemmer, M. S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, in Holography for the New Millenium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2002) pp. 179–189.
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R.

Shubnikow, E. I.

A. V. Pavlov and E. I. Shubnikow, Opt. Memory Neural Netw. 2, 4 (1993).

Stranneby, D.

D. Stranneby, Digital Signal Processing: DSP and Applications (Oxford U. Press, London, 2001).

VanderLugt, A.

A. VanderLugt, IEEE Inf. Theory 1, 139 (1964).

Wagner, K.

Wong, L.

M. S. Shahriar, L. Wong, M. Bock, B. Ham, J. Ludman, and P. Hemmer, in Symposium on Electro-Optics: Present and Future, H. A. Haus, ed., Vol. 23 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 97–104.

Appl. Opt.

IBM J. Res. Dev.

J. L. Sanford, IBM J. Res. Dev. 42, 411 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Inf. Theory

A. VanderLugt, IEEE Inf. Theory 1, 139 (1964).

Opt. Eng.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, I. Yu. Korzinin, M. S. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. Fournier, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Eng. 36, 6 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Memory Neural Netw.

A. V. Pavlov and E. I. Shubnikow, Opt. Memory Neural Netw. 2, 4 (1993).

Proc. SPIE

A. Bergeron, Proc. SPIE 4734, 65 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

J. E. Ludman, J. Riccobono, N. Reinhand, Yu. Korzinin, I. Semenova, and M. S. Shahriar, Quantum Electron. 26, 11 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. S. Shahriar, L. Wong, M. Bock, B. Ham, J. Ludman, and P. Hemmer, in Symposium on Electro-Optics: Present and Future, H. A. Haus, ed., Vol. 23 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 97–104.

P. Hemmer, M. S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, in Holography for the New Millenium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2002) pp. 179–189.
[CrossRef]

N. Collins, Optical Pattern Recognition Using Holographic Techniques (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1988).

W. W. Goj, Synthetic-Aperture Radar & Electronic Warfare (Artec House, Norwood, Mass., 1992).

D. Stranneby, Digital Signal Processing: DSP and Applications (Oxford U. Press, London, 2001).

G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, in Holographic Data Storage, H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2000).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the SPHOC. See text for details.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Demonstration of a HMDX. a, Schematic of the 3×3 HMDX; the query image is input at the left, and nine copies result. b, SLM image that was input to the HMDX; c, CCD capture of the nine resultant images. d, Output of a 1×20 HMDX that was illuminated with a simple plane-wave beam.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Correlation data from three multiplexed query images. The images at the far left represent the query images presented to the HMU unit. The same images were stored in the HMU. The images in columns I, II, and III display the CCD images of the diffracted beams that emerged from the HMU when query beams I, II, and III, respectively, were directed onto the HMU. The lateral positions of the bright spots (a, b, c...) indicate which of the stored images has matched the query image.

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