Abstract

A new technique is proposed and demonstrated for reducing the timing jitter of a mode-locked laser diode by use of fiber-optic interferometers with an optical path difference much longer than the laser’s coherence length. At the output of the interferometer the intensities of the two pulse trains are incoherently added, giving rise to the cancellation of timing noise at specific Fourier frequencies determined by the path difference. The timing jitter of pulse trains emitted by a 19.444-GHz mode-locked laser is reduced to 0.991 and 0.874 ps for 100-kHz–18-MHz bandwidth after the pulse trains pass through a cascaded Mach–Zehnder and a ring interferometer, respectively.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2002 (4)

H. Tsuchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Jiang, K. S. Abedin, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, C. McNeilage, J. Searls, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 27, 49 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Priest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, and Y. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1805 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1996 (1)

X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, and T. Shimizu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Jinno, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2842 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. A. Buckman, J. B. Georges, J. Park, D. Vassilovski, J. M. Kahn, and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1137 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. J. Derickson, P. A. Morton, J. E. Bowers, and R. L. Thornton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3372 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

L. A. Jiang, K. S. Abedin, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arahira, S.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, and Y. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1805 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

D. J. Derickson, P. A. Morton, J. E. Bowers, and R. L. Thornton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3372 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bryce, A. C.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buckman, L. A.

L. A. Buckman, J. B. Georges, J. Park, D. Vassilovski, J. M. Kahn, and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1137 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Priest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Derickson, D. J.

D. J. Derickson, P. A. Morton, J. E. Bowers, and R. L. Thornton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3372 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gay, D.

Georges, J. B.

L. A. Buckman, J. B. Georges, J. Park, D. Vassilovski, J. M. Kahn, and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1137 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

L. A. Jiang, K. S. Abedin, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, C. McNeilage, J. Searls, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 27, 49 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, C. McNeilage, J. Searls, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 27, 49 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Jiang, K. S. Abedin, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L. A.

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, C. McNeilage, J. Searls, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 27, 49 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Jiang, K. S. Abedin, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2842 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

L. A. Buckman, J. B. Georges, J. Park, D. Vassilovski, J. M. Kahn, and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1137 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Katoh, Y.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kutsuzawa, S.

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, and Y. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1805 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Langlois, P.

Lau, K. Y.

L. A. Buckman, J. B. Georges, J. Park, D. Vassilovski, J. M. Kahn, and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1137 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. K.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. L.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. F.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Loyo-Maldonado, V.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marsh, J. H.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, N.

McNeilage, C.

Morton, P. A.

D. J. Derickson, P. A. Morton, J. E. Bowers, and R. L. Thornton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3372 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, and Y. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1805 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

L. A. Buckman, J. B. Georges, J. Park, D. Vassilovski, J. M. Kahn, and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1137 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Piché, M.

Pinches, S.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Priest, C. M.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Priest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, B. C.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Searls, J.

Shimizu, T.

X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, and T. Shimizu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K. R.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thayne, I. G.

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thornton, R. L.

D. J. Derickson, P. A. Morton, J. E. Bowers, and R. L. Thornton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3372 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

H. Tsuchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, Opt. Lett. 23, 286 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vassilovski, D.

L. A. Buckman, J. B. Georges, J. Park, D. Vassilovski, J. M. Kahn, and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1137 (1993).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, and T. Shimizu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wen, Y. J.

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, T.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Priest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. A. Jiang, K. S. Abedin, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Derickson, P. A. Morton, J. E. Bowers, and R. L. Thornton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3372 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wen, D. Novak, and H. F. Liu, Electron. Lett. 36, 879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Priest, and P. J. Delfyett, Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, and Y. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1805 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2842 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

H. Tsuchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Lee, V. Loyo-Maldonado, B. C. Qiu, K. L. Lee, C. Shu, S. Pinches, I. G. Thayne, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1049 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Buckman, J. B. Georges, J. Park, D. Vassilovski, J. M. Kahn, and K. Y. Lau, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1137 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, and T. Shimizu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of (a) single-stage Mach–Zehnder interferometer, (b) pulse waveforms at the output of the interferometer, (c) cascaded Mach–Zehnder interferometer, and (d) a ring interferometer with an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized RF spectra for the direct laser output (gray curve) and the interferometer output (dark curve). The center frequency and the resolution bandwidth are 19.444 GHz and 300 kHz, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results obtained with the single-stage Mach–Zehnder interferometer. (a) Time dependence of the pulse timing deviation for the direct laser output (gray curve) and the interferometer output (dark curve). The sampling interval and the number of data points are 19.5 ns and 1996, respectively. (b) Timing-noise PSDs for (A) the synthesizer, (B) the direct laser output, and (C) the interferometer output.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

NPRRs (curves A–C) and rms timing jitters (curves D–G). A, E, single-stage Mach–Zehnder interferometer; B, F, cascaded Mach–Zehnder interferometer; C, G, ring interferometer; D, direct laser output.

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